The genomic DNA of the grasshopper (Oxya hyla intricata) was subjected to electrophoresis after digestion with HaeIII, and the result showed two bands of highly repetitive DNA, approximately 200 and 400 bp in length. The 200-bp HaeIII-digested fragment was cloned and characterized by sequencing and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The results showed the presence of two distinct satellite DNA (stDNA) families: one consisting of a 169-bp repeated element having an A+T content of 60.9% and the other consisting of a 204-bp repeated element having an A+T content of 53.9 %. No significant homology between the two stDNA families was observed. FISH showed that the chromosomal locations of these families are different from each other. The 169-bp element was located in the C-band-positive regions of the short arms of most of the chromosomes, whereas the 204-bp element was located in the centromeric regions of three chromosome pairs. These results imply that the origins of these two DNA families are different. The results of zoo-blot hybridization to the genomic DNA from four Oxya species, O. hyla intricata, O. japonica japonica, O. chinensis formosana, and O. yezoensis, suggest that the two stDNA families found in the present study are species-specific for O. hyla intricata.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology