OBJECTIVE: Although some patients with limb ischemia have recently undergone therapeutic angiogenesis by cell transplantation, their angiogenic potential has not been well characterized. It is also important to evaluate endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) contents in different stem cell sources to choose the best material for therapeutic angiogenesis. METHODS AND RESULTS: We quantitated the mRNA expression of EPC-specific molecules (eg, Flk-1, Flt-1, CD133, VE-cadherin, etc) in bone marrow-derived or peripheral blood-derived mononuclear cells obtained from patients with ischemic limbs, using real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction technique. The mRNA expression level of EPC markers was significantly lower in the patients than in healthy controls, which was consistent with results of flow cytometric analysis. However, the implantation of autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells increased the circulating EPCs in the peripheral blood of patients. We furthermore revealed the different expression pattern of EPC markers in possible sources for stem cell transplantation, including normal bone marrow, peripheral blood obtained from recombinant granulocyte colony-stimulating factor-treated donor, and umbilical cord blood. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with peripheral obstructive arterial diseases may have lower angiogenic potential because of decreased expression of EPC specific molecules in their marrow and blood. Therapeutic angiogenesis by transplantation of autologous marrow mononuclear cells increased circulating EPCs in the patients and improved ischemic symptoms.
|Journal||Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology|
|Publication status||Published - 12-2004|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine