Molecular process in acute liver injury and regeneration induced by carbon tetrachloride

Makoto Taniguchi, Toshiyuki Takeuchi, Ryusuke Nakatsuka, Tatsuo Watanabe, Kenzo Sato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

91 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Injection of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) intraperitoneally into model animals induces acute liver injury mediated by reactive oxygen species (ROS) as normal metabolites in hepatocytes. In this study, the molecular process in this type of liver injury was analyzed from the aspect of liver function and regulatory factors. Down-regulation of liver-specific genes was accomplished through suppression of liver-enriched transcription factors and box A factors found in the catalase gene, and induction of NF-κB, AP-1 and a novel factor denoted as 'cx' in the catalase gene. Expression profiles of these genes were restored to normal levels in the late stage of injury (48h). On the other hand, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) were induced in the early stage (6h) and 36h, respectively. Interestingly, ERK2 was transiently activated at 3h CCl4-treatment. These observations suggested that hepatotoxin by CCl4-injection concomitantly induces both processes in acute injury and liver regeneration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1539-1549
Number of pages11
JournalLife Sciences
Volume75
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13-08-2004
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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