Monitoring of facial evoked EMG for hemifacial spasm: A critical analysis of its prognostic value

Nobuo Kiya, U. Bannur, A. Yamauchi, K. Yoshida, Y. Kato, T. Kanno

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49 Citations (Scopus)


Microvascular decompression (MVD) has come to stay as an effective way of treating hemifacial spasm. But it remains to be seen how much each of the electrophysiological monitoring techniques (intra-operative) are contributing to its increased efficacy. Their role as indicators for re-exploration or recurrence is to be evaluated with more studies. We have used the lateral spread response in those patients who had distinctly abnormal recording on the ipsilateral side, studied the intra-operative changes during MVD and correlated with the outcome of surgery. 38 patients operated for HFS, were selected for intra-operative monitoring of abnormal muscle responses. In 17 patients, there was persistence of abnormal muscle responses in the immediate postoperative period and only 6 of them had mild HFS. Two of 21 patients who had disappearance of abnormal responses had persistent mild HFS; but in all cases, the HFS disappeared within 3 months. So we found that the intra-operative recording was really not reliable in predicting the immediate postoperative outcome. However the outcome at 3 months suggested that waiting for some time before re-exploration is a better option, especially if the HFS had become mild.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)365-368
Number of pages4
JournalActa Neurochirurgica
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


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