Monitoring perioperative serum albumin can identify anastomotic leakage in colorectal cancer patients with curative intent

Tadanobu Shimura, Yuji Toiyama, Junichiro Hiro, Hiroki Imaoka, Hiroyuki Fujikawa, Minako Kobayashi, Masaki Ohi, Yasuhiro Inoue, Yasuhiko Mohri, Masato Kusunoki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Background Preoperative hypoalbuminemia is a well-known risk factor for anastomotic leakage after colorectal surgery, but the association between perioperative albumin level and anastomotic leakage has not been fully investigated in curative colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. Methods In total, 200 CRC patients (Stage I–III) undergoing curative laparoscopic surgery between January 2004 and December 2013 were enrolled in this study. We collected data on surgical factors, perioperative levels of serum albumin and inflammatory markers, and perioperative factors affecting hypoalbuminemia from 196 CRC patients to assess the relation to anastomotic leakage. Results Anastomotic leakage occurred in 11 cases (5.6%) and the frequency was higher in rectal cancer patients (p = 0.0044). There was no significant difference of preoperative serum albumin level between the anastomotic leakage group (AL) and the nonanastomotic leakage group (NAL). Postoperative serum albumin levels in AL were significantly lower than in NAL [postoperative day (POD) 0, p = 0.0004; POD1, p = 0.0001; POD3, p = 0.0004; and POD7, p = 0.0021]. On multivariate analysis, lower average level of serum albumin on POD1 and POD3 {odds ratio (OR) [95% confidence interval (CI)] = 7.53 (1.60–55.80), p = 0.0095}, higher average level of serum white blood cells on POD1 and POD3 [OR (95% CI) = 7.24 (1.40–59.25), p = 0.0165], and surgery for rectal cancer [OR (95% CI) = 15.18 (3.26–93.99), p = 0.0004] were independent risk factors for anastomotic leakage. Conclusion Lower early postoperative serum albumin levels are a potentially valuable indicator of anastomotic leakage in CRC patients undergoing curative surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-38
Number of pages9
JournalAsian Journal of Surgery
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 01-2018
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery


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