Background: The objective of this Study was to examine the mortality and incidence of stomach cancer in the Japan Collaborative Cohort Study (JACC Study), and compare them with those of the general population of Japan. Methods: The cohort study involved 127,477 people living in 45 municipalities in Japan. The deaths due to stomach cancer were ascertained by death certificates. The age-adjusted mortality rate per 100,000 was calculated based on 110,792 subjects aged between 40 and 79 years at the baseline in all study areas. The incident cases were defined as the subjects in whom stomach cancer had developed, or subjects who died of stomach cancer during the observed period of survey for cancer incidence. The age-adjusted incidence rate per 100,000 was ascertained and calculated in 64,820 people aged 40-79 years at the baseline living in 24 study municipalities with cancer registries. Then, the mortality rate was compared with the mortality data published in vital statistics of Japan of 1995, and the incidence rate compared with the incidence data published in The Research Group for Population-based Cancer Registration in Japan of 1992. Results: During more than 10 years of follow-up, there were 582 male deaths and 287 female deaths due to stomach cancer. The age-adjusted mortality rate was 93.4/100,000 person-year (95% confidence interval [Cl]: 84.6-102.2) in males and 31.1 (95% Cl: 27.0-35.3) in females. There were 646 incident cases in males and 370 in females. The age-adjusted incidence rate was 245.3 / 100,000 person-year (95% Cl: 221.6-268.9) and 94.8 (95% Cl: 83.0-106.6) in males and females, respectively. Conclusion: The mortality rate of stomach cancer in the JACC Study was lower than that in the vital statistics in Japan. Similar incidence rate of stomach cancer seems to be found between data of the JACC Study and that of the Research Group for Population-based Cancer Registration, but care is needed to interpret this similarity, because it might be due to different degree of completeness of incidence survey between the 2 studies.
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