Multicenter propensity score-matched analysis comparing short versus long cap-assisted colonoscopy for acute hematochezia

Mariko Kobayashi, Shintaro Akiyama, Toshiaki Narasaka, Katsumasa Kobayashi, Atsushi Yamauchi, Atsuo Yamada, Jun Omori, Takashi Ikeya, Taiki Aoyama, Naoyuki Tominaga, Yoshinori Sato, Takaaki Kishino, Naoki Ishii, Tsunaki Sawada, Masaki Murata, Akinari Takao, Kazuhiro Mizukami, Ken Kinjo, Shunji Fujimori, Takahiro UotaniMinoru Fujita, Hiroki Sato, Sho Suzuki, Junnosuke Hayasaka, Tomohiro Funabiki, Yuzuru Kinjo, Akira Mizuki, Shu Kiyotoki, Tatsuya Mikami, Ryosuke Gushima, Hiroyuki Fujii, Yuta Fuyuno, Naohiko Gunji, Yosuke Toya, Kazuyuki Narimatsu, Noriaki Manabe, Koji Nagaike, Tetsu Kinjo, Yorinobu Sumida, Sadahiro Funakoshi, Kiyonori Kobayashi, Tamotsu Matsuhashi, Yuga Komaki, Kiichiro Tsuchiya, Mitsuru Kaise, Naoyoshi Nagata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Aim: While short and long attachment caps are available for colonoscopy, it is unclear which type is more appropriate for stigmata of recent hemorrhage (SRH) identification in acute hematochezia. This study aimed to compare the performance of short versus long caps in acute hematochezia diagnoses and outcomes. Methods: We selected 6460 patients who underwent colonoscopy with attachment caps from 10 342 acute hematochezia cases in the CODE BLUE-J study. We performed propensity score matching (PSM) to balance baseline characteristics between short and long cap users. Then, the proportion of definitive or presumptive bleeding etiologies found on the initial colonoscopy and SRH identification rates were compared. We also evaluated rates of blood transfusions, interventional radiology, or surgery, as well as the rate of rebleeding and mortality within 30 days after the initial colonoscopy. Results: A total of 3098 patients with acute hematochezia (1549 short cap and 1549 long cap users) were selected for PSM. The rate of colonic diverticular bleeding (CDB) diagnosis was significantly higher in long cap users (P = 0.006). While the two groups had similar rates of the other bleeding etiologies, the frequency of unknown etiologies was significantly lower in long cap users (P < 0.001). The rate of SRH with active bleeding was significantly higher in long cap users (P < 0.001). Other clinical outcomes did not differ significantly. Conclusion: Compared to that with short caps, long cap-assisted colonoscopy is superior for the diagnosis of acute hematochezia, especially CDB, and the identification of active bleeding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)487-496
Number of pages10
JournalJGH Open
Volume7
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 07-2023
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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