Multifocal electroretinogram in occult macular dystrophy

Chang Hua Piao, Mineo Kondo, Atsuhiro Tanikawa, Hiroko Terasaki, Yozo Miyake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

101 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose. Occult macular dystrophy (OMD) is an unusual macular dystrophy presenting with an essentially normal fundus and fluorescein angiography but with progressive central visual loss. The authors studied tile function of local retinal areas in the posterior pole of patients with OMD using multifocal electroretinograms (ERGs). Methods. Multifocal ERGs were recorded using the Visual Evoked Response Imaging System with 61 hexagonal elements within a visual field of 30°radius from 8 OMD patients and 20 age-matched, normal subjects. The amplitudes and implicit times of the patients and normal control subjects were compared at the various retinal eccentricities. Results. The amplitudes of the multifocal ERGs in the OMD patients were markedly reduced in the central 7°of the fovea. The difference of the ERG amplitudes between OMD and normal subjects became smaller toward the peripheral retina. Most OMD patients had slight but significantly delayed implicit times across the whole testing field, and the differences between the OMD and the normal subjects did not change with retinal eccentricity. Conclusions. Our results for multifocal ERG amplitudes support the idea that OMD patients have localized retinal dysfunction distal to the ganglion cells in the central retina. The delayed implicit times across the whole test field suggest that the retinal dysfunction has a broader boundary than expected by ERG amplitudes and psychophysical perimetric results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)513-517
Number of pages5
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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