Multiscale properties of instantaneous parasympathetic activity in severe congestive heart failure: A survivor vs non-survivor study

G. Valenza, H. Wendt, K. Kiyono, J. Hayano, E. Watanabe, Y. Yamamoto, P. Abry, R. Barbieri

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Multifractal analysis of cardiovascular variability series is an effective tool for the characterization of pathological states associated with congestive heart failure (CHF). Consequently, variations of heartbeat scaling properties have been associated with the dynamical balancing of nonlinear sympathetic/vagal activity. Nevertheless, whether vagal dynamics has multifractal properties yet alone is currently unknown. In this study, we answer this question by conducting multifractal analysis through wavelet leader-based multiscale representations of instantaneous series of vagal activity as estimated from inhomogeneous point process models. Experimental tests were performed on data gathered from 57 CHF patients, aiming to investigate the automatic recognition accuracy in predicting survivor and non-survivor patients after a 4 years follow up. Results clearly indicate that, on both CHF groups, the instantaneous vagal activity displays power-law scaling for a large range of scales, from ≃ 0.5s to ≃ 100s. Using standard SVM algorithms, this information also allows for a prediction of mortality at a single-subject level with an accuracy of 72.72%.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2017 39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Subtitle of host publicationSmarter Technology for a Healthier World, EMBC 2017 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages3761-3764
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781509028092
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13-09-2017
Event39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2017 - Jeju Island, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 11-07-201715-07-2017

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Other

Other39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2017
CountryKorea, Republic of
CityJeju Island
Period11-07-1715-07-17

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

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    Valenza, G., Wendt, H., Kiyono, K., Hayano, J., Watanabe, E., Yamamoto, Y., Abry, P., & Barbieri, R. (2017). Multiscale properties of instantaneous parasympathetic activity in severe congestive heart failure: A survivor vs non-survivor study. In 2017 39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society: Smarter Technology for a Healthier World, EMBC 2017 - Proceedings (pp. 3761-3764). [8037675] (Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2017.8037675