Mutations of the interferon sensitivity-determining region (ISDR) correlate with the complexity of hypervariable region (HVR)-1 in the Japanese variant of hepatitis C virus (HCV) type 1b

Isao Nakano, Yoshihide Fukuda, Yoshiaki Katano, Hidenori Toyoda, Kazuhiko Hayashi, Takashi Kumada, Satoshi Nakano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1b comprises mainly two subtypes in Japan, each named for its geographic prevalence (Japan-specific, J type; worldwide, W type). Because the newly identified subtypes have not been fully characterized, the present study directed this issue from virological viewpoints such as hypervariable region (HVR)-1 as well as interferon (IFN) sensitivity-determining region (ISDR). Fifty chronic hepatitis patients with HCV 1b (31 men and 19 women; mean age 50.5 years) were enrolled, and J/W type was determined according to envelope 1 (E1) sequence as described previously (23 J type and 27 W type). Correlations between age, number of HVR-1 clones, HVR-1 diversity, and ISDR mutations were analyzed in J and W type patients independently. In addition, the sequences of the three HCV regions obtained for the determination of the above genetic factors were studied phylogenetically. The number of HVR-1 clones was significantly higher for J type in comparison with W type (P=0.044). In the J type-infected patients, the ISDR mutation number was correlated inversely with HVR-1 clone number (P=0.0001, r=-0.734) and HVR-1 diversity (P=0.0001, r=-0.722). However, this correlation was not observed in the W type patients. W type patients showed a significant correlation between age and HVR-1 clone number (P=0.015, r=0.462). Phylogenetic study revealed that the nonstructural (NS) 5A sequence, which is obtained for ISDR type determination, can distinguish between J and W types. The inverse correlation in J type patients between ISDR mutations and HVR-1 complexity may explain the usefulness of the ISDR for prediction of IFN response only in Japanese patients. This suggests that the ISDR is not directly related to IFN responsiveness, but the degree of HVR-1 complexity may be more important.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-61
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Medical Virology
Volume74
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-09-2004
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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