MYBPH, a transcriptional target of TTF-1, inhibits ROCK1, and reduces cell motility and metastasis

Yasuyuki Hosono, Tomoya Yamaguchi, Eri Mizutani, Kiyoshi Yanagisawa, Chinatsu Arima, Shuta Tomida, Yukako Shimada, Michiyo Hiraoka, Seiichi Kato, Kohei Yokoi, Motoshi Suzuki, Takashi Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Citations (Scopus)


Cell migration driven by actomyosin filament assembly is a critical step in tumour invasion and metastasis. Herein, we report identification of myosin binding protein H (MYBPH) as a transcriptional target of TTF-1 (also known as NKX2-1 and TITF1), a master regulator of lung development that also plays a role as a lineage-survival oncogene in lung adenocarcinoma development. MYBPH inhibited assembly competence-conferring phosphorylation of the myosin regulatory light chain (RLC) as well as activating phosphorylation of LIM domain kinase (LIMK), unexpectedly through its direct physical interaction with Rho kinase 1 (ROCK1) rather than with RLC. Consequently, MYBPH inhibited ROCK1 and negatively regulated actomyosin organization, which in turn reduced single cell motility and increased collective cell migration, resulting in decreased cancer invasion and metastasis. Finally, we also show that MYBPH is epigenetically inactivated by promoter DNA methylation in a fraction of TTF-1-positive lung adenocarcinomas, which appears to be in accordance with its deleterious functions in lung adenocarcinoma invasion and metastasis, as well as with the paradoxical association of TTF-1 expression with favourable prognosis in lung adenocarcinoma patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)481-493
Number of pages13
JournalEMBO Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 18-01-2012
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Neuroscience
  • Molecular Biology
  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Immunology and Microbiology


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