Nemaline myopathy (NM) is a rare muscle disease with various clinical types. In some cases, NM can lead to type 2 respiratory failure and right heart failure. We herein report a patient with congenital NM with nebulin gene mutation who presented with acute right heart failure and type 2 respiratory failure due to respiratory muscle paralysis after upper respiratory tract infection, needing a permanent ventilator for assistance. However, the limb and trunk muscle strengths were within normal limits. This case showed that NM should be considered as a cause of right heart failure and type 2 respiratory failure.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine