Neuroproteomic mapping of kinases and their substrates downstream of acetylcholine: finding and implications

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Introduction: Since the emergence of the cholinergic hypothesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), acetylcholine has been viewed as a mediator of learning and memory. Donepezil improves AD-associated learning deficits and memory loss by recovering brain acetylcholine levels. However, it is associated with side effects due to global activation of acetylcholine receptors. Muscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1 (M1R), a key mediator of learning and memory, has been an alternative target. The importance of targeting a specific pathway downstream of M1R has recently been recognized. Elucidating signaling pathways beyond M1R that lead to learning and memory holds important clues for AD therapeutic strategies. Areas covered: This review first summarizes the role of acetylcholine in aversive learning, one of the outputs used for preliminary AD drug screening. It then describes the phosphoproteomic approach focused on identifying acetylcholine intracellular signaling pathways leading to aversive learning. Finally, the intracellular mechanism of donepezil and its effect on learning and memory is discussed. Expert opinion: The elucidation of signaling pathways beyond M1R by phosphoproteomic approach offers a platform for understanding the intracellular mechanism of AD drugs and for developing AD therapeutic strategies. Clarifying the molecular mechanism that links the identified acetylcholine signaling to AD pathophysiology will advance the development of AD therapeutic strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-298
Number of pages8
JournalExpert Review of Proteomics
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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