Neurotrophin levels in cerebrospinal fluid of adult patients with meningitis and encephalitis

Madoka Kizawa-Ueda, Akihiro Ueda, Naoki Kawamura, Tomomasa Ishikawa, Eri Mutoh, Yu Fukuda, Ryouichi Shiroki, Kiyotaka Hoshinaga, Shinji Ito, Kunihiko Asakura, Tatsuro Mutoh

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Abstract

Background: The data on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of neurotrophins (NTs) in patients with meningoencephalitis are scarce, especially in adult patients. Methods: We measured CSF levels of NTs such as nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor, and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) in adult patients with various meningitis (n = 10) and encephalitis (n = 10) in both acute phase and recovery phase and adult control subjects (n = 21) by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for NTs. Results: Data show that NGF and NT-3 CSF levels were markedly elevated in the patient group in the acute phase compared with non-neurological controls (p < 0.001 and p < 0.05, respectively) and later returned to the levels of controls. Most intriguingly, we only recognized a significant correlation between NGF and NT-3 CSF levels in the patients in the acute phase. Conclusion: Such strong correlation of NGF and NT-3 CSF levels strongly suggests that in adult patients, some common regulatory mechanism(s) might be present among various kinds of NTs to cope with central nervous system infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)138-143
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Neurology
Volume65
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-03-2011

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Kizawa-Ueda, M., Ueda, A., Kawamura, N., Ishikawa, T., Mutoh, E., Fukuda, Y., Shiroki, R., Hoshinaga, K., Ito, S., Asakura, K., & Mutoh, T. (2011). Neurotrophin levels in cerebrospinal fluid of adult patients with meningitis and encephalitis. European Neurology, 65(3), 138-143. https://doi.org/10.1159/000324327