Phorbol esters induce apoptosis in androgen-sensitive LNCaP cells, which express neutral endopeptidase (NEP), but not in androgen-independent prostate cancer (PC) cells, which lack NEP expression. We investigated the role of NEP in PC cell susceptibility to 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). Western analysis showed that expression of NEP and protein kinase Cδ (PKCδ) correlated with PC cell sensitivity to TPA-induced growth arrest and apoptosis in LNCaP cells and in TSU-Pr1 cells expressing an inducible wild-type NEP protein. Inhibition of NEP enzyme activity using the specific NEP inhibitor CGS24592, or inhibition of PKCδ using Rottlerin at concentrations that inhibit PKCδ but not PKCα, significantly inhibited TPA-induced growth inhibition and cell death. Furthermore, pulse-chase experiments showed PKCδ is stabilized in LNCaP cells and in TSU-Pr1 cells overexpressing wild-type NEP compared with PC cells lacking NEP expression. This results from NEP inactivation of its neuropeptide substrates (bombesin and endothelin-1), which in the absence of NEP stimulate cSrc kinase activity and induce rapid degradation of PKCδ protein. These results indicate that expression of enzymatically active NEP by PC cells is necessary for TPA-induced apoptosis, and that NEP inhibits neuropeptide-induced, cSrc-mediated PKCδ degradation.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 01-12-2000|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research