CpG island aberrant methylation is shown to be an important mechanism in gene silencing. The important role of NF-κB in the inflammatory response to H. pylori colonization has been indicated. We investigated the influence of NFKB1 polymorphisms, -94 ins/del (rs28362491) and -449 C>G (rs72696119), on the aberrant gene methylation under H. pylori infection. Gastric mucosal samples were obtained from sub-subjects without malignancies. Methylation status of genes (p14 ARF, p16 INK4a, DAPK and CDH1) was determined by methylation-specific PCR (MSP). The genotyping of NFKB1 was performed by PCR-SSCP. There was a strong allelic association between rs28362491 and rs72696119, and all H. pylori-infected -94 del/del homozygotes had a -449 GG genotype. The -94 del/del homozygosity was significantly associated with risk for development of CpG island high methylation (CIHM) (two or more gene methylations), especially DAPK and CDH1 methylations, and the number of methylated genes was significantly higher in -94 del/del homozygotes than in ins/del and ins/ins (ins carrier) H. pylori-infected elder subjects. In addition, this methylated gene number was significantly increased with age in H. pylori-infected del/del homozygotes, but not in infected ins carriers. Furthermore, the inflammation score was significantly higher in H. pylori-infected del/del homozygotes compared to ins carriers. NFKB1 -94 ins/del ATTG polymorphism (rs28362491) was significantly associated with the increased risk for the development of age-related gene methylation in non-cancerous gastric mucosa under H. pylori-induced inflammation.
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