Background: Although percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) has become a common therapeutic standard for peripheral artery disease (PAD), high restenosis rates in the superficial femoral artery (SFA) remain a major problem. Nitinol stent implantation is reported to reduce restenosis in SFA after PTA in the general population; however, little is known about whether the nitinol stent improves primary patency after PTA in hemodialysis patients who are at higher risk of revascularization failure. The aim of this study was to clarify the effects of nitinol stent implantation for primary patency in SFA after PTA in hemodialysis patients with PAD. Methods: Eighty consecutive hemodialysis patients (167 SFA lesions) who underwent PTA with nitinol stents from January 2006 to January 2008 were compared with 64 hemodialysis patients (128 SFA lesions) who received stainless steel stents in the preceding 2 years. In the follow-up study to 2 years, incidence of restenosis, amputation, and all-cause mortality were analyzed. End points between the groups were examined with the Kaplan-Meier and log-rank methods. Prognostic values for end points were calculated by a Cox univariate analysis and Cox multivariable regression models. To statistically minimize the differences in each stent group, a propensity-matched analysis was also performed using the model including male gender, age, diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, smoking, incidence of ulcer/gangrene, and TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus (TASC) type C+D. Results: The 2-year primary patency rate was 58% in the nitinol group vs 42% in the stainless steel group (hazard ratio [HR], 0.58; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.39-0.84; P = .0045), despite a higher prevalence of TASC C+D lesion in the nitinol group (68% vs 49%, P = .0014). In 108 lesions matched after propensity score analysis, the primary patency for 2 years was 64% in the nitinol group vs 42% in the stainless steel group (HR, 0.39; 95% CI, 0.24-0.65; P = .0003). Cox multivariate models showed nitinol stent (HR, 0.42; 95% CI, 0.25-0.73; P = .002), age (HR, 1.04; 95% CI, 1.01-1.08; P = .031), and incidence of ulcer/gangrene (HR, 2.35; 95% CI, 1.17-4.75; P = .017) were independent predictors of restenosis. Conclusion: These data suggest that nitinol stent implantation improves primary patency in SFA after PTA compared with the stainless steel stent, even in hemodialysis patients with PAD.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine