Non-communicable disease risk factor profile among public employees in a regional city in northern Ethiopia

Lemlem Weldegerima Gebremariam, Chifa Chiang, Hiroshi Yatsuya, Esayas Haregot Hilawe, Alemayehu Bayray Kahsay, Hagos Godefay, Loko Abraham, Yoshihisa Hirakawa, Hiroyasu Iso, Atsuko Aoyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is increasing in Ethiopia. This study aims to describe the prevalence of NCD risk factors of public employees in a regional city in northern Ethiopia. We conducted a cross-sectional epidemiological study targeting men and women aged 25-64 years employed by public offices in Mekelle. The prevalence was age-standardized to the Ethiopian 2007 population. Among the 1380 subjects (823 men and 557 women), 68.7% had less than 1 serving of fruits and vegetables per day, 41.0% were physically inactive, and 57.3% observed religious fast. The age-standardised prevalence of abdominal obesity was 29.3% in men and 58.5% in women, but that of metabolic syndrome was comparable between men (39.2%) and women (39.0%). The prevalence of diabetes was underestimated if only fasting blood glucose (FBG) was used for the diagnosis compared to combination of FBG and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) (6.7% in men and 3.8% in women vs. 12.1% in men and 5.6% in women). More than a quarter (26.1%) of men and 8.7% of women had estimated 10-year risk of cardiovascular disease of 10% or more. This study revealed the high prevalence of NCD metabolic risk factors among the urban public employees in the highland of Ethiopia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9298
JournalScientific reports
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-12-2018

Fingerprint

Ethiopia
Blood Glucose
Fasting
Abdominal Obesity
Metabolic Diseases
Glycosylated Hemoglobin A
Vegetables
Epidemiologic Studies
Fruit
Cardiovascular Diseases
Cross-Sectional Studies
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Cite this

Gebremariam, Lemlem Weldegerima ; Chiang, Chifa ; Yatsuya, Hiroshi ; Hilawe, Esayas Haregot ; Kahsay, Alemayehu Bayray ; Godefay, Hagos ; Abraham, Loko ; Hirakawa, Yoshihisa ; Iso, Hiroyasu ; Aoyama, Atsuko. / Non-communicable disease risk factor profile among public employees in a regional city in northern Ethiopia. In: Scientific reports. 2018 ; Vol. 8, No. 1.
@article{a05fdd2c44fc435abc40008984805abe,
title = "Non-communicable disease risk factor profile among public employees in a regional city in northern Ethiopia",
abstract = "The burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is increasing in Ethiopia. This study aims to describe the prevalence of NCD risk factors of public employees in a regional city in northern Ethiopia. We conducted a cross-sectional epidemiological study targeting men and women aged 25-64 years employed by public offices in Mekelle. The prevalence was age-standardized to the Ethiopian 2007 population. Among the 1380 subjects (823 men and 557 women), 68.7{\%} had less than 1 serving of fruits and vegetables per day, 41.0{\%} were physically inactive, and 57.3{\%} observed religious fast. The age-standardised prevalence of abdominal obesity was 29.3{\%} in men and 58.5{\%} in women, but that of metabolic syndrome was comparable between men (39.2{\%}) and women (39.0{\%}). The prevalence of diabetes was underestimated if only fasting blood glucose (FBG) was used for the diagnosis compared to combination of FBG and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) (6.7{\%} in men and 3.8{\%} in women vs. 12.1{\%} in men and 5.6{\%} in women). More than a quarter (26.1{\%}) of men and 8.7{\%} of women had estimated 10-year risk of cardiovascular disease of 10{\%} or more. This study revealed the high prevalence of NCD metabolic risk factors among the urban public employees in the highland of Ethiopia.",
author = "Gebremariam, {Lemlem Weldegerima} and Chifa Chiang and Hiroshi Yatsuya and Hilawe, {Esayas Haregot} and Kahsay, {Alemayehu Bayray} and Hagos Godefay and Loko Abraham and Yoshihisa Hirakawa and Hiroyasu Iso and Atsuko Aoyama",
year = "2018",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1038/s41598-018-27519-6",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
journal = "Scientific Reports",
issn = "2045-2322",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "1",

}

Gebremariam, LW, Chiang, C, Yatsuya, H, Hilawe, EH, Kahsay, AB, Godefay, H, Abraham, L, Hirakawa, Y, Iso, H & Aoyama, A 2018, 'Non-communicable disease risk factor profile among public employees in a regional city in northern Ethiopia', Scientific reports, vol. 8, no. 1, 9298. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-27519-6

Non-communicable disease risk factor profile among public employees in a regional city in northern Ethiopia. / Gebremariam, Lemlem Weldegerima; Chiang, Chifa; Yatsuya, Hiroshi; Hilawe, Esayas Haregot; Kahsay, Alemayehu Bayray; Godefay, Hagos; Abraham, Loko; Hirakawa, Yoshihisa; Iso, Hiroyasu; Aoyama, Atsuko.

In: Scientific reports, Vol. 8, No. 1, 9298, 01.12.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Non-communicable disease risk factor profile among public employees in a regional city in northern Ethiopia

AU - Gebremariam, Lemlem Weldegerima

AU - Chiang, Chifa

AU - Yatsuya, Hiroshi

AU - Hilawe, Esayas Haregot

AU - Kahsay, Alemayehu Bayray

AU - Godefay, Hagos

AU - Abraham, Loko

AU - Hirakawa, Yoshihisa

AU - Iso, Hiroyasu

AU - Aoyama, Atsuko

PY - 2018/12/1

Y1 - 2018/12/1

N2 - The burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is increasing in Ethiopia. This study aims to describe the prevalence of NCD risk factors of public employees in a regional city in northern Ethiopia. We conducted a cross-sectional epidemiological study targeting men and women aged 25-64 years employed by public offices in Mekelle. The prevalence was age-standardized to the Ethiopian 2007 population. Among the 1380 subjects (823 men and 557 women), 68.7% had less than 1 serving of fruits and vegetables per day, 41.0% were physically inactive, and 57.3% observed religious fast. The age-standardised prevalence of abdominal obesity was 29.3% in men and 58.5% in women, but that of metabolic syndrome was comparable between men (39.2%) and women (39.0%). The prevalence of diabetes was underestimated if only fasting blood glucose (FBG) was used for the diagnosis compared to combination of FBG and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) (6.7% in men and 3.8% in women vs. 12.1% in men and 5.6% in women). More than a quarter (26.1%) of men and 8.7% of women had estimated 10-year risk of cardiovascular disease of 10% or more. This study revealed the high prevalence of NCD metabolic risk factors among the urban public employees in the highland of Ethiopia.

AB - The burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is increasing in Ethiopia. This study aims to describe the prevalence of NCD risk factors of public employees in a regional city in northern Ethiopia. We conducted a cross-sectional epidemiological study targeting men and women aged 25-64 years employed by public offices in Mekelle. The prevalence was age-standardized to the Ethiopian 2007 population. Among the 1380 subjects (823 men and 557 women), 68.7% had less than 1 serving of fruits and vegetables per day, 41.0% were physically inactive, and 57.3% observed religious fast. The age-standardised prevalence of abdominal obesity was 29.3% in men and 58.5% in women, but that of metabolic syndrome was comparable between men (39.2%) and women (39.0%). The prevalence of diabetes was underestimated if only fasting blood glucose (FBG) was used for the diagnosis compared to combination of FBG and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) (6.7% in men and 3.8% in women vs. 12.1% in men and 5.6% in women). More than a quarter (26.1%) of men and 8.7% of women had estimated 10-year risk of cardiovascular disease of 10% or more. This study revealed the high prevalence of NCD metabolic risk factors among the urban public employees in the highland of Ethiopia.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85048761859&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85048761859&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/s41598-018-27519-6

DO - 10.1038/s41598-018-27519-6

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85048761859

VL - 8

JO - Scientific Reports

JF - Scientific Reports

SN - 2045-2322

IS - 1

M1 - 9298

ER -