Non-communicable disease risk factor profile among public employees in a regional city in northern Ethiopia

Lemlem Weldegerima Gebremariam, Chifa Chiang, Hiroshi Yatsuya, Esayas Haregot Hilawe, Alemayehu Bayray Kahsay, Hagos Godefay, Loko Abraham, Yoshihisa Hirakawa, Hiroyasu Iso, Atsuko Aoyama

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Abstract

The burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is increasing in Ethiopia. This study aims to describe the prevalence of NCD risk factors of public employees in a regional city in northern Ethiopia. We conducted a cross-sectional epidemiological study targeting men and women aged 25-64 years employed by public offices in Mekelle. The prevalence was age-standardized to the Ethiopian 2007 population. Among the 1380 subjects (823 men and 557 women), 68.7% had less than 1 serving of fruits and vegetables per day, 41.0% were physically inactive, and 57.3% observed religious fast. The age-standardised prevalence of abdominal obesity was 29.3% in men and 58.5% in women, but that of metabolic syndrome was comparable between men (39.2%) and women (39.0%). The prevalence of diabetes was underestimated if only fasting blood glucose (FBG) was used for the diagnosis compared to combination of FBG and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) (6.7% in men and 3.8% in women vs. 12.1% in men and 5.6% in women). More than a quarter (26.1%) of men and 8.7% of women had estimated 10-year risk of cardiovascular disease of 10% or more. This study revealed the high prevalence of NCD metabolic risk factors among the urban public employees in the highland of Ethiopia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9298
JournalScientific reports
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-12-2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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    Gebremariam, L. W., Chiang, C., Yatsuya, H., Hilawe, E. H., Kahsay, A. B., Godefay, H., Abraham, L., Hirakawa, Y., Iso, H., & Aoyama, A. (2018). Non-communicable disease risk factor profile among public employees in a regional city in northern Ethiopia. Scientific reports, 8(1), [9298]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-27519-6