Non-invasive early prediction of immune checkpoint inhibitor efficacy in non-small-cell lung cancer patients using on-treatment serum CRP and NLR

Reiko Matsuzawa, Masahiro Morise, Fumie Kinoshita, Ichidai Tanaka, Junji Koyama, Tomoki Kimura, Yasuhiro Kondoh, Taro Tanaka, Koichiro Shima, Tetsunari Hase, Keiko Wakahara, Makoto Ishii, Naozumi Hashimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: We determined the clinical relevance of early C-reactive protein (CRP) and neutrophil–lymphocyte ratio (NLR) change in blood as surrogate markers of pro-tumor inflammation (PTI) for predicting clinical outcome of programmed cell death (PD)-1/programmed cell death ligand (PD-L) 1 inhibitor treatment in non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). Methods: We retrospectively reviewed NSCLC patients treated with anti-PD-1 or PD-L1 inhibitors. Early CRP change was defined as the ratio of 6 weeks CRP to baseline CRP, and early NLR change was defined as that of the 6 weeks NLR to baseline NLR. PTI index was determined by combinatorial evaluation of early CRP change and early NLR change, PTI index low: both of these were low, intermediate: either of these was low, high; both of these were high. Results: The study included 217 patients. Early CRP change and early NLR change were both associated with PFS and OS. The combinatorial evaluation using these two markers enabled the clear stratification of PFS and OS. The median PFS in patient with PTI index low was 13.9 months, while the median PFS in those with PTI index high was 2.5 months (p < 0.01, log-rank test). The median OS in patients with PTI index low was not reached; the median OS in those with PTI index high was only 15.4 months (p < 0.01, log-rank test). Conclusions: The combinatorial early CRP change and early NLR change as PTI biomarkers have clinical potential in identifying NSCLC patients who can achieve a durable response and long-term survival using PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3885-3893
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Volume149
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 07-2023
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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