This paper proposes a noninvasive method for estimating the viscoelastic characteristics of arterial walls using pulse waves measured in various parts of the body using a foil-type pressure sensor (FPS) and a photoplethysmogram. The FPS was employed to measure pulse waves based on the tonometry approach for its characteristics of high sensitivity and flexibility as well as its ability to continuously measure the alternating-current component of pulse waves. First, in order to accurately measure the amplitude variation of blood pressure waves, suitable mechanical forces externally applied to the FPS were examined, and it was found that values of 5 - 25 [N] yielded the best performance. Next, to verify the time characteristics of pulse waves, the brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) was measured. The results showed that baPWV determined using the FPS and that found with a noninvasive vascular screening device were almost the same. Estimation was then performed to establish arterial viscoelastic indices for the radial artery and the dorsal pedis artery during the application of mechanical pain stimuli. The results suggested that the estimated indices could be used to quantitatively assess vascular response caused by sympathicotonia. Thus, it was concluded that the proposed method enabled noninvasive measurement of pulse waves and estimation of viscoelastic indices.
|Number of pages||18|
|Journal||International Journal on Electrical Engineering and Informatics|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|
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