Nonmalignant late effects and compromised functional status in survivors of hematopoietic cell transplantation

Nandita Khera, Barry Storer, Mary E.D. Flowers, Paul A. Carpenter, Yoshihiro Inamoto, Brenda M. Sandmaier, Paul J. Martin, Stephanie J. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

90 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: Our objective was to describe the incidence of nonmalignant late complications and their association with health and functional status in a recent cohort of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) survivors. Patients and Methods: We determined the incidence of 14 nonmalignant late effects in adults who underwent transplantation from January 2004 through June 2009 at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center who survived at least 1 year after HCT. Data were derived from review of medical records and annual self-reported questionnaires. Results: The 1,087 survivors in the study had a median age at HCT of 53 years (range, 21 to 78 years) and were followed for a median of 37 months (range, 12 to 77 months) after HCT. The prevalence of pre-existing conditions ranged from 0% to 9.8%. The cumulative incidence of any nonmalignant late effect at 5 years after HCT was 44.8% among autologous and 79% among allogeneic recipients; 2.5% of autologous and 25.5% of allogeneic recipients had three or more late effects. Survivors with three or more late effects had lower physical functioning and Karnofsky score, lower likelihood of full-time work or study, and a higher likelihood of having limitations in usual activities. Predictors of at least one late effect were age ≥ 50 years, female sex, and unrelated donor, but not the intensity of the conditioning regimen. Conclusion: The burden of nonmalignant late effects after HCT is high, even with modern treatments and relatively short follow-up. These late effects are associated with poor health and functional status, underscoring the need for close follow-up of this group and additional research to address these complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-77
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2012
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


Dive into the research topics of 'Nonmalignant late effects and compromised functional status in survivors of hematopoietic cell transplantation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this