Number of sentinel medical institutions needed for estimating prefectural incidence in influenza surveillance in Japan

Shuji Hashimoto, Miyuki Kawado, Yoshitaka Murakami, Akiko Ohta, Mika Shigematsu, Yuki Tada, Kiyosu Taniguchi, Masaki Nagai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The sentinel surveillance system in Japan provides estimates of nationwide influenza incidence. Although prefectural influenza incidences can be estimated using data from the current surveillance system, such estimates may be imprecise. Methods: We calculated the numbers of sentinel medical institutions (SMIs) needed in the surveillance system to estimate influenza incidences in prefectures, under the assumption that the standard error rates in 75% of influenza epidemic cases are less than 10%. Epidemic cases observed in 47 prefectures during the 2007/2008, 2008/2009, and 2009/2010 seasons, respectively, were used. Results: The present total number of SMIs was 6669. With respect to current standards, the increases required in prefectures ranged from 0 to 59, and the total increase required in the number of SMIs was 1668. Conclusions: We used sentinel surveillance data for Japan to calculate the number of SMIs required to estimate influenza incidence in each prefecture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-192
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of epidemiology
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology

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