Occupational class and exposure to job stressors among employed men and women in Japan

Norito Kawakami, Takashi Haratani, Fumio Kobayashi, Masao Ishizaki, Takeshi Hayashi, Osamu Fujita, Yoshiharu Aizawa, Shogo Miyazaki, Hisanori Hiro, Takeshi Masumoto, Shuji Hashimoto, Shunichi Araki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The relationship between occupational class and exposure to job stressors, among employed men and women in Japan remains unclear. Methods: Data of 16,444 men and 3,078 women were analyzed. The information was obtained from answers to a questionnaire distributed among employees of nine companies in Japan between 1996 and 1998 (average response rate, 85%). The International Standardized Classification of Occupations was used to classify respondents into eight occupational categories. The Job Content Questionnaire was used to measure job demands, job control, worksite support, and job insecurity. The associations between occupational class andjob stressors, as well asjob strain, were examined controlling for age, education, marital status, chronic medical condition, and personality traits, such as neuroticism and extraversion. Results: Men and women in high-class occupations (e.g., managers and professionals) had significantly greater job control. while job demands and worksite social support were not greatly different among occupations. A clear occupational class gradient in job insecurity was observed in women. A greater prevalence of high job strain was observed in low-class occupations compared to high-class occupations in both men and women. The occupational class gradient in job strain was greater for women. These patterns did not change after controlling for other covariates. Conclusions: The present study suggests an occupational class gradient in job strain for employed men and women in Japan. Japanese women workers may have a greater occupational class gradient in job strain andjob insecurity than men.)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-211
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of epidemiology
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-12-2004

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Occupational Exposure
Japan
Occupations
Workplace
Marital Status
Social Support
Personality
Education
Surveys and Questionnaires

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology

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Kawakami, N., Haratani, T., Kobayashi, F., Ishizaki, M., Hayashi, T., Fujita, O., ... Araki, S. (2004). Occupational class and exposure to job stressors among employed men and women in Japan. Journal of epidemiology, 14(6), 204-211. https://doi.org/10.2188/jea.14.204
Kawakami, Norito ; Haratani, Takashi ; Kobayashi, Fumio ; Ishizaki, Masao ; Hayashi, Takeshi ; Fujita, Osamu ; Aizawa, Yoshiharu ; Miyazaki, Shogo ; Hiro, Hisanori ; Masumoto, Takeshi ; Hashimoto, Shuji ; Araki, Shunichi. / Occupational class and exposure to job stressors among employed men and women in Japan. In: Journal of epidemiology. 2004 ; Vol. 14, No. 6. pp. 204-211.
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Kawakami, N, Haratani, T, Kobayashi, F, Ishizaki, M, Hayashi, T, Fujita, O, Aizawa, Y, Miyazaki, S, Hiro, H, Masumoto, T, Hashimoto, S & Araki, S 2004, 'Occupational class and exposure to job stressors among employed men and women in Japan', Journal of epidemiology, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 204-211. https://doi.org/10.2188/jea.14.204

Occupational class and exposure to job stressors among employed men and women in Japan. / Kawakami, Norito; Haratani, Takashi; Kobayashi, Fumio; Ishizaki, Masao; Hayashi, Takeshi; Fujita, Osamu; Aizawa, Yoshiharu; Miyazaki, Shogo; Hiro, Hisanori; Masumoto, Takeshi; Hashimoto, Shuji; Araki, Shunichi.

In: Journal of epidemiology, Vol. 14, No. 6, 01.12.2004, p. 204-211.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Occupational class and exposure to job stressors among employed men and women in Japan

AU - Kawakami, Norito

AU - Haratani, Takashi

AU - Kobayashi, Fumio

AU - Ishizaki, Masao

AU - Hayashi, Takeshi

AU - Fujita, Osamu

AU - Aizawa, Yoshiharu

AU - Miyazaki, Shogo

AU - Hiro, Hisanori

AU - Masumoto, Takeshi

AU - Hashimoto, Shuji

AU - Araki, Shunichi

PY - 2004/12/1

Y1 - 2004/12/1

N2 - Background: The relationship between occupational class and exposure to job stressors, among employed men and women in Japan remains unclear. Methods: Data of 16,444 men and 3,078 women were analyzed. The information was obtained from answers to a questionnaire distributed among employees of nine companies in Japan between 1996 and 1998 (average response rate, 85%). The International Standardized Classification of Occupations was used to classify respondents into eight occupational categories. The Job Content Questionnaire was used to measure job demands, job control, worksite support, and job insecurity. The associations between occupational class andjob stressors, as well asjob strain, were examined controlling for age, education, marital status, chronic medical condition, and personality traits, such as neuroticism and extraversion. Results: Men and women in high-class occupations (e.g., managers and professionals) had significantly greater job control. while job demands and worksite social support were not greatly different among occupations. A clear occupational class gradient in job insecurity was observed in women. A greater prevalence of high job strain was observed in low-class occupations compared to high-class occupations in both men and women. The occupational class gradient in job strain was greater for women. These patterns did not change after controlling for other covariates. Conclusions: The present study suggests an occupational class gradient in job strain for employed men and women in Japan. Japanese women workers may have a greater occupational class gradient in job strain andjob insecurity than men.)

AB - Background: The relationship between occupational class and exposure to job stressors, among employed men and women in Japan remains unclear. Methods: Data of 16,444 men and 3,078 women were analyzed. The information was obtained from answers to a questionnaire distributed among employees of nine companies in Japan between 1996 and 1998 (average response rate, 85%). The International Standardized Classification of Occupations was used to classify respondents into eight occupational categories. The Job Content Questionnaire was used to measure job demands, job control, worksite support, and job insecurity. The associations between occupational class andjob stressors, as well asjob strain, were examined controlling for age, education, marital status, chronic medical condition, and personality traits, such as neuroticism and extraversion. Results: Men and women in high-class occupations (e.g., managers and professionals) had significantly greater job control. while job demands and worksite social support were not greatly different among occupations. A clear occupational class gradient in job insecurity was observed in women. A greater prevalence of high job strain was observed in low-class occupations compared to high-class occupations in both men and women. The occupational class gradient in job strain was greater for women. These patterns did not change after controlling for other covariates. Conclusions: The present study suggests an occupational class gradient in job strain for employed men and women in Japan. Japanese women workers may have a greater occupational class gradient in job strain andjob insecurity than men.)

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Kawakami N, Haratani T, Kobayashi F, Ishizaki M, Hayashi T, Fujita O et al. Occupational class and exposure to job stressors among employed men and women in Japan. Journal of epidemiology. 2004 Dec 1;14(6):204-211. https://doi.org/10.2188/jea.14.204