Occurrence of infection following prostate biopsy procedures in Japan Japanese Research Group for Urinary Tract Infection (JRGU)-A multi-center retrospective study

Yoshikazu Togo, Tatsuhiko Kubo, Rikiya Taoka, Yoshiki Hiyama, Teruhisa Uehara, Jiroh Hashimoto, Yuichiro Kurimura, Satoshi Takahashi, Taiji Tsukamoto, Jun Miyazaki, Hiroyuki Nishiyama, Shinichiro Kira, Hiroshi Kiyota, Satoshi Yazawa, Naoya Niwa, Hiroshi Hongo, Mototsugu Oya, Taku Kato, Mitsuru Yasuda, Takashi DeguchiKiyohito Ishikawa, Kiyotaka Hoshinaga, Minori Matsumoto, Katsumi Shigemura, Kazushi Tanaka, Soichi Arakawa, Masato Fujisawa, Koichiro Wada, Shinya Uehara, Toyohiko Watanabe, Hiromi Kumon, Kanao Kobayashi, Akio Matsubara, Masahiro Matsumoto, Takehiko Sho, Ryoichi Hamasuna, Tetsuro Matsumoto, Hiroshi Hayami, Masayuki Nakagawa, Shingo Yamamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We retrospectively investigated the incidence of genitourinary tract infection in 5895 patients who underwent transrectal and/or transperineal prostate biopsy procedure between January and December 2011 at 46 institutions belonging to Japanese Research Group for Urinary Tract Infection (JRGU). The total rate of genitourinary tract infection after prostate biopsy was 0.76%, while that following transrectal procedure was 0.83% and following transperineal procedure was 0.57%, which were not significantly different. In contrast, febrile infection associated with a fever (≥38 °C) occurred significantly more frequently after transrectal (0.71%) than transperineal (0.16%) approach (P = 0.04). Notably, in infectious cases, Escherichia coli was most frequently isolated. Of the 9 E. coli strains isolated by urine culture, 6 (66.7%) produced extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) and 7 (77.8%) showed levofloxacin resistance. Similarly, of 6 E. coli strains isolated by blood culture, 4 (66.7%) produced ESBL and 6 (100%) showed levofloxacin resistance. When the efficacy of antimicrobial prophylaxis (AMP) with levofloxacin for the patients undergoing transrectal or transperineal biopsy was compared between a single dose (500 mg) and that given for 2 or more days, no significant difference was observed for the rate of infection (transrectal: 0.82% vs. 1.04%, p = 0.94; transperineal: 0.30% vs. 0.46%, p = 0.68).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)232-237
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Infection and Chemotherapy
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 04-2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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