Aim: Radical trachelectomy (RT) is a widely used fertility-sparing treatment for patients with early cervical cancer (CCA). RT, however, is an investigational treatment, and its gynecological and obstetric efficacy are being investigated. We retrospectively assessed the efficacy of abdominal RT (ART) as a fertility-sparing surgery. Methods: From 2010 to 2014, patients with stage IA2–IB1 CCA (tumor ≤2 cm) who wished to preserve their fertility underwent ART. The major outcomes were mortality, recurrence, pregnancy complications, and obstetric outcome. Results: Twenty-eight patients received ART. Adjuvant chemotherapy was performed in seven patients because of lymphovascular space invasion. During the median follow-up of 43 months, no recurrences occurred. Twelve women attempted to conceive, and eight of them became pregnant. A total of five children were born, and one baby was full term. Three cases of second trimester, and one case of third trimester preterm births were recorded. Conclusions: Fertility was preserved after ART in a moderate number of patients. The pregnancy and birth rates after ART have been improving, and increasing the full-term birth rate is the next goal. In addition, development of further types of minimally invasive surgery for CCA can be expected.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology