Autogenous vein and arterial grafts, such as great saphenous veins and internal mammary and radial arteries, remain the gold standard conduits for vascular reconstruction. Expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) grafts, which exhibit little inflammatory and thrombogenic reactivity, are the most commonly used material of choice for small diameter vascular grafts when autogenous grafts are not available. Several modifications of the basic graft have been attempted to enhance graft healing of expanded PTFE grafts, and little but definite experimental and clinical improvement has been achieved so far. The technique of vascular tissue engineering, in combination with stem cell research, may hold the key for the creation of a practical and successful small diameter prosthetic graft.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine