Our experiences of preoperative chemoradiotherapy for rectal cancer with invasion to adjacent organs

Harunobu Sato, Koutarou Maeda, Tsunekazu Hanai, Yoshikazu Koide, Hiroshi Matsuoka, Hidetoshi Katsuno, Toshihisa Agata, Tomohito Noro, Katsuyuki Honda, Mino Shiota, Shinji Ozeki, Kouhei Hatta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We reviewed clinical records of 10 cases with preoperative chemoradiotherapy to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of the chemoradiotherapy for T4 rectal cancer. The preoperative radiation therapy consisted of 40-50 Gy delivered in fractions of 1.8-2.0 Gy per day for five days per week. A treatment of 5-fluorouracil (500mg/body) per day intravenously, or oral UFT-E (300mg/m2) with Heucovorin (75mg/body) per day, or oral S-1 (80mg/m2) per day for five days per week, was given during radiotherapy. Grade 1 or 2 adverse effects occurred in 3 patients during chemoradiotherapy, but a completion of chemoradiotherpy was achieved in all of the 10 patients. Invasive findings to the adjacent organs identified by CT and MRI disappeared in 6 cases with complete or partial response 1 month after chemoradiotherapy. Although the adjacent organs were also removed during surgery in 7 patients, curative surgery was performed in 7 patients. There was no histological invasion to the adjacent organs in 4 patients, and one patient had a histological complete disappearance of tumor. Although complications after surgery were found in all of the patients, they were improved by conservative treatment. Two of 7 patients with curative surgery had recurrence, but the rest of them survived without recurrence. Preoperative chemoradiotherapy was expected to be a safe and effective treatment to improve the resection rate and prognosis for T4 rectal cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2143-2145
Number of pages3
JournalJapanese Journal of Cancer and Chemotherapy
Volume36
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 11-2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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