We reviewed clinical records of 10 cases with preoperative chemoradiotherapy to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of the chemoradiotherapy for T4 rectal cancer. The preoperative radiation therapy consisted of 40-50 Gy delivered in fractions of 1.8-2.0 Gy per day for five days per week. A treatment of 5-fluorouracil (500mg/body) per day intravenously, or oral UFT-E (300mg/m2) with Heucovorin (75mg/body) per day, or oral S-1 (80mg/m2) per day for five days per week, was given during radiotherapy. Grade 1 or 2 adverse effects occurred in 3 patients during chemoradiotherapy, but a completion of chemoradiotherpy was achieved in all of the 10 patients. Invasive findings to the adjacent organs identified by CT and MRI disappeared in 6 cases with complete or partial response 1 month after chemoradiotherapy. Although the adjacent organs were also removed during surgery in 7 patients, curative surgery was performed in 7 patients. There was no histological invasion to the adjacent organs in 4 patients, and one patient had a histological complete disappearance of tumor. Although complications after surgery were found in all of the patients, they were improved by conservative treatment. Two of 7 patients with curative surgery had recurrence, but the rest of them survived without recurrence. Preoperative chemoradiotherapy was expected to be a safe and effective treatment to improve the resection rate and prognosis for T4 rectal cancer.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Japanese Journal of Cancer and Chemotherapy|
|Publication status||Published - 11-2009|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research