Overdensity of X-ray sources in the field of two nearby clusters of galaxies: XMM-Newton view of A 194 and A 1060

Murat Hudaverdi, Hideyo Kunieda, Takeshi Tanaka, Yoshito Haba, Akihiro Furuzawa, Yuzuru Tawara, E. Nihal Ercan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Two nearby clusters of galaxies, A194 (z = 0.018) and A1060 (z = 0.0114), have been analyzed for their X-ray point-source properties with XMM-Newton EPIC-PN data. A multi-band source detection technique was applied to both of the clusters, resulting in 46 sources from the A194 field and 32 sources from the A1060 field, respectively. The cumulative log(N)-log(S) for a flux limit of Fx ≥ 1 × 10-14 erg cm-2s-1 was calculated and compared with that of the Lockman Hole. A ∼ 3 σ excess of X-ray sources was found for the cluster regions. Considering the higher fraction observed in optical studies from the clusters, we estimate that the cluster source density is 6-times higher than the blank-field source density, and 15-times higher than the local group. Our X-ray selected sources have luminosity values of 1039.6 ≤ Lx ≤ 10 41.4ergs-1, in which X-ray emission from LMXBs, hot halos and starburst galaxies becomes noticeable. The significance of the source-density excess gradually vanishes for sources with Lx ≥ 1040.5ergs-1, at which point the source density becomes comparable to that of the blank-field level. Considering this confined low-luminosity range and the X-ray to optical luminosity ratios (L x/LB), the observed overdensity is ascribed to AGN fueling by its infall into cluster environment for Lx ≤ 1040.5 ergs-1 in the X-ray luminosity function. However, the quenching of AGN activity by the deep cluster potential explains why the excess of the source density vanishes for brighter sources.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)931-943
Number of pages13
JournalPublications of the Astronomical Society of Japan
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Overdensity of X-ray sources in the field of two nearby clusters of galaxies: XMM-Newton view of A 194 and A 1060'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this