Overview of infectious disease surveillance system in Japan, 1999-2005

Kiyosu Taniguchi, Shuji Hashimoto, Miyuki Kawado, Yoshitaka Murakami, Michiko Izumida, Akiko Ohta, Yuki Tada, Mika Shigematsu, Yoshinori Yasui, Masaki Nagai

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: In 1999 the Communicable Disease Prevention Law of Japan was completely revised into the "New" Infectious Disease Control Law, which reiterated the importance of surveillance and information dissemination and re-organized the surveillance system. This paper is an attempt to illustrate the potential impact of the new surveillance system through a description of the existing surveillance system and data before and after the revision. Methods: After a historical review of surveillance system in Japan, the current surveillance system is described. Data sets of actual case numbers reported and incidence rate per 1,000,000 population are compared before and after the revision. Results: Comparison of the data between the 2 periods revealed that most of the diseases have had declining trends after the new law was enacted with several exceptions. However, although no major break in continuity is observed in seriously perceived disease, in milder diseases there are striking gaps between the numbers reported in the mandatory and sentinel reporting framework. Sentinel reporting framework maintained the continuity of data without major gaps. Conclusions: From this perspective, the new surveillance system with two different frameworks of mandatory reporting for severe diseases and sentinel reporting for milder diseases seems to be working well. But continuous efforts should be made for evaluation and improvement of surveillance system and risk communication through the research on data analysis and effective communication method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S3-S13
JournalJournal of epidemiology
Volume17
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12-2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology

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    Taniguchi, K., Hashimoto, S., Kawado, M., Murakami, Y., Izumida, M., Ohta, A., Tada, Y., Shigematsu, M., Yasui, Y., & Nagai, M. (2007). Overview of infectious disease surveillance system in Japan, 1999-2005. Journal of epidemiology, 17(SUPPL. 1), S3-S13. https://doi.org/10.2188/jea.17.S3