Oxidized galectin-1 stimulates the migration of Schwann cells from both proximal and distal stumps of transected nerves and promotes axonal regeneration after peripheral nerve injury

Kenji Fukaya, Mitsuhiro Hasegawa, Tsuyoshi Mashitani, Toshihiko Kadoya, Hidenori Horie, Yutaka Hayashi, Hironori Fujisawa, Osamu Tachibana, Shinya Kida, Junkoh Yamashita

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57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Oxidized galectin-1 has recently been identified as a key factor that plays important roles in initial axonal growth in injured peripheral nerves. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of oxidized galectin-1 on regeneration of rat spinal nerves using acellular autografts (containing no viable cells) and allografts (containing no cell membranes) with special attention to the relationship between axonal regeneration and Schwann cell migration. Immunohistochemically, endogenous galectin-1 was expressed in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons, spinal cord motoneurons, and axons and Schwann cells in normal sciatic nerves. Administration of oxidized recombinant human galectin-1 (rh-gal-lox, 5 ng/ml) in autograft model promoted axonal regeneration from motoneurons as well as from DRG neurons; this was confirmed by a fluorogold tracer study (p < 0.05). Anti-rh-gal-1 antibody (30 μg/ml) strongly inhibited axonal regrowth (p < 0.05). Pretreatment of allografts with rh-gal-lox stimulated the migration of Schwann cells not only from proximal stumps but also from distal stumps into the grafts, resulting in accelerated axonal regeneration (p < 0.05). Moreover, Schwann cell migration preceded the axonal growth in the presence of exogenous rh-gal-lox in the grafts. These results strongly suggest that local administration of exogenous rh-gal-lox promotes the migration of Schwann cells followed by axonal regeneration from both motor and sensory neurons, resulting in acceleration of neuronal repair. This technique may also be of value in the repair of human nerves.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)162-172
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
Volume62
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-02-2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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