The accumulation of abnormal proteins is a common characteristic of neurodegenerative diseases. This accumulation reflects a severe disturbance of cellularhomeostasis in pathogenic protein clearance. Here,wedemonstrated that the activation of the two major proteolytic machineries, the molecular chaperone-ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) and the autophagy system, were simultaneously enhanced by paeoniflorin (PF), a major component of Paeonia plants, and exerted therapeutic effects in models of spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA). PF significantly increased the expression of nuclear factor-YA (NF-YA), which strongly upregulated the molecules involved in the proteolytic machinery [molecular chaperones, carboxyl terminus of Hsc70-interacting protein and transcription factor EB], which thus mitigated the behavioral and pathological impairments in an SBMA mouse model through the upregulation of pathogenic androgen receptor protein clearance in motor neurons and muscles. These findings demonstrated that PF is able to enhance both the UPS and autophagy systems by upregulating the expression of NF-YA, which promotes therapeutic effects in an SBMA model.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology