Objectives: While chronic pancreatitis associated with pancreatolithiasis presents with pain, exocrine and endocrine pancreatic functions worsen with time. We examined outcomes of nonsurgical treatment. Methods: Between 1992 and 2020, we treated pancreatolithiasis nonsurgically in 165 patients with chronic pancreatitis using extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy alone or followed by endoscopic procedures. The mean follow-up duration was 49 months (standard deviation, 56 months) and the age was 56 years (standard deviation, 13 years). The male:female ratio was 5.1:1 (138 men, 27 women). We followed treatment results including relief of abdominal pain, stone clearance and recurrence, and pancreatic exocrine function (bentiromide-p-aminobenzoic acid testing). Results: Treatment relieved pain in 117 of 124 patients (94%). The overall stone clearance was achieved in 130 of 165 patients (79%). Stones recurred during follow-up in 50 of 130 patients (38%). One fifth of recurrences were early, often involving stricture of the main pancreatic duct. After 1 year, 65% of the patients had improved or stable exocrine function. Conclusions: Nonsurgical stone removal usually improved symptoms and preserved pancreatic exocrine function. Nonsurgical treatment with extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy followed by endoscopic treatment if needed is useful as initial management for pancreatolithiasis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism