Participation of xanthine-xanthine oxidase system and neutrophils in development of acute gastric mucosal lesions in rats with a single treatment of compound 48/80, a mast cell degranulator

Y. Ohta, T. Kobayashi, I. Ishiguro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The participation of xanthine-xanthine oxidase and neutrophils in the development of acute gastric mucosal lesions was examined in rats injected once with compound 48/80, a mast cell degranulator. Gastric mucosal lesions appeared 0.5 hr after compound 48/80 injection and developed at 3 hr. The formation of gastric mucosal lesions at 0.5 hr after compound 48/80 injection was prevented by pretreatment with anti-neutrophil antiserum and NPC 14686, an antiinflammatory agent, but not with allopurinol, a xanthine oxidase inhibitor. The development of gastric mucosal lesions at 3 hr after compound 48/80 injection was prevented by pretreatment with anti-neutrophil antiserum, NPC 14686, or allopurinol. Increases in the activities of gastric mucosal xanthine oxidase and myeloperoxidase, an index of neutrophil infiltration, and the content of lipid peroxide occurred 0.5 hr after compound 48/80 injection, and these increases were enhanced at 3 hr. The increases in gastric mucosal myeloperoxidase activity and lipid peroxide content at 0.5 hr after compound 48/80 injection were attenuated by pretreatment with anti- neutrophil antiserum and NPC 14686, while only the increase in gastric mucosal xanthine oxidase activity at the same time point was arrested by allopurinol pretreatment. The increases in gastric mucosal xanthine oxidase and myeloperoxidase activities and lipid peroxide content at 3 hr after compound 48/80 treatment were attenuated by pretreatment with anti-neutrophil antiserum, NPC 14686, or allopurinol. When compound 48/80-injected rats were treated with allopurinol at 0.5 hr after compound 48/80 injection, the progression of gastric mucosal lesions at 3 hr after the injection was almost completely prevented with inhibition of the increases in gastric mucosal xanthine oxidase and myeloperoxidase activities and lipid peroxide content. These results indicate that in rats with a single compound 48/80 treatment neutrophils infiltrated into the gastric mucosa participated in the development of acute gastric mucosal lesions and that the xanthine-xanthine oxidase system in the gastric mucosa participated in the progression rather than the formation of the gastric mucosal lesions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1865-1874
Number of pages10
JournalDigestive Diseases and Sciences
Volume44
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Gastroenterology

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