Pathological evaluation of tumor grade for salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma: A proposal of an objective grading system

Naruhiko Morita, Takayuki Murase, Kaori Ueda, Toshitaka Nagao, Kimihide Kusafuka, Masato Nakaguro, Makoto Urano, Ken ichi Taguchi, Hidetaka Yamamoto, Satoshi Kano, Yuichiro Tada, Kiyoaki Tsukahara, Kenji Okami, Tetsuro Onitsuka, Yasushi Fujimoto, Daisuke Kawakita, Kazuo Sakurai, Toru Nagao, Nobuhiro Hanai, Ryo KawataNaohito Hato, Naoki Otsuki, Ken ichi Nibu, Hiroshi Inagaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Three pathological grading systems advocated by Perzin/Szanto, Spiro, and van Weert are currently used for adenoid cystic carcinoma (AdCC). In these systems, the amount or presence of the solid tumor component in AdCC specimens is an important index. However, the “solid tumor component” has not been well defined. Salivary AdCC cases (N = 195) were collected after a central pathology review. We introduced a novel criterion for solid tumor component, minAmax (minor axis maximum). The largest solid tumor nest in each AdCC case was histologically screened, the maximum oval fitting the solid nest was estimated, and the length of the minor axis of the oval (minAmax) was measured. The prognostic cutoff for the minAmax was determined using training and validation cohorts. All cases were evaluated for the four grading systems, and their prognostic impact and interobserver variability were examined. The cutoff value for the minAmax was set at 0.20 mm. Multivariate prognostic analyses showed the minAmax and van Weert systems to be independent prognostic tools for overall, disease-free, and distant metastasis-free survival while the Perzin/Szanto and Spiro systems were selected for overall survival but not for disease-free or distant metastasis-free survival. The highest hazard ratio for overall survival (11.9) was obtained with the minAmax system. The reproducibility of the minAmax system (kappa coefficient of 0.81) was scored as very good while those of the other three systems were scored as moderate. In conclusion, the minAmax is a simple, objective, and highly reproducible grading system useful for prognostic stratification for salivary AdCC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1184-1195
Number of pages12
JournalCancer science
Volume112
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 03-2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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