Pathological gait in Rett syndrome: Quantitative evaluation using three-dimensional gait analysis

Takeshi Suzuki, Yuji Ito, Tadashi Ito, Hiroyuki Kidokoro, Koji Noritake, Keita Tsujimura, Shinji Saitoh, Hiroyuki Yamamoto, Nobuhiko Ochi, Naoko Ishihara, Izumi Yasui, Hideshi Sugiura, Tomohiko Nakata, Jun Natsume

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Objectives: Ataxic-rigid gait is a characteristic gait pathology in patients with Rett syndrome (RTT). In the present study, we aimed to quantitatively evaluate gait pathology in patients with RTT using three-dimensional gait analysis (3DGA). Methods: We performed 3DGA in 11 patients with RTT ranging from 5 to 18 years (median age, 9 years) and in 33 age-matched healthy female controls. We compared the results of 3DGA, including spatiotemporal gait parameters and comprehensive indices of gait kinematics, such as the Gait Deviation Index (GDI) and Gait Profile Score (GPS), between the two groups. The GPS consists of nine sub-indices called Gait Variable Scores (GVSs). Decline in GDI or elevation of GPS and GVS indicated greater abnormal gait pathology. Results: The patients demonstrated significantly slower walking speed, lower step length/length of the lower extremities, lower cadence, wider step width, and higher coefficient of variation of step length than the controls. Moreover, the patients had a lower GDI and higher GPS than the controls. The patients also exhibited higher GVSs for eight out of nine gait kinematics, particularly the sagittal plane in the pelvis, hip, knee, and ankle joint; coronal plane in the pelvis and hip joint; and horizontal plane in the pelvis than the controls. Conclusions: Quantitative evaluation of gait pathology in patients with RTT is possible using 3DGA. We found that in addition to ataxic-rigid gait, abnormalities in the coronal plane of the pelvis and hip joint and the horizontal plane of the pelvis were prominent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-21
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Paediatric Neurology
Publication statusPublished - 01-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Clinical Neurology


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