Personality and gastric cancer screening attendance: A cross-sectional analysis from the Miyagi Cohort Study

Shizuha Arai, Naoki Nakaya, Masako Kakizaki, Kaori Ohmori-Matsuda, Taichi Shimazu, Shinichi Kuriyama, Akira Fukao, Ichiro Tsuji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To determine the associations between personality subscales and attendance at gastric cancer screenings in Japan. Methods: A total of 21,911 residents in rural Japan who completed a short form of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire-Revised (EPQ-R) and a questionnaire on various health habits including the number of gastric cancer screenings attended were included in the primary analysis. We defined gastric cancer screening compliance as attendance at gastric cancer screening every year for the previous 5 years; all other patterns of attendance were defined as non-compliance. We defined gastric cancer screening visiting as attendance at 1 or more screenings during the previous 5 years; lack of attendance was defined as non-visiting. We used logistic regression to estimate the odds ratios (ORs) of gastric cancer screening compliance and visiting according to 4 score levels that corresponded to the 4 EPQ-R subscales (extraversion, neuroticism, psychoticism, and lie). Result: Extraversion had a significant linear, positive association with both compliance and visiting (trend, P < 0.001 for both). Neuroticism had a significant linear, inverse association with compliance (trend, P = 0.047), but not with visiting (trend, P = 0.21). Psychoticism had a significant linear, inverse association with both compliance and visiting (trend, P < 0.001 for both). Lie had no association with either compliance or visiting. Conclusion: The personality traits of extraversion, neuroticism, and psychoticism were significantly associated with gastric cancer screening attendance. A better understanding of the association between personality and attendance could lead to the establishment of effective campaigns to motivate people to attend cancer screenings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-40
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of epidemiology
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 09-06-2009

Fingerprint

Early Detection of Cancer
Stomach Neoplasms
Personality
Cohort Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Compliance
Japan
Habits
Logistic Models
Odds Ratio
Health
Neuroticism
Extraversion (Psychology)
Surveys and Questionnaires

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Arai, Shizuha ; Nakaya, Naoki ; Kakizaki, Masako ; Ohmori-Matsuda, Kaori ; Shimazu, Taichi ; Kuriyama, Shinichi ; Fukao, Akira ; Tsuji, Ichiro. / Personality and gastric cancer screening attendance : A cross-sectional analysis from the Miyagi Cohort Study. In: Journal of epidemiology. 2009 ; Vol. 19, No. 1. pp. 34-40.
@article{24d4261ee19946b18f56761dfa6370a4,
title = "Personality and gastric cancer screening attendance: A cross-sectional analysis from the Miyagi Cohort Study",
abstract = "Objective: To determine the associations between personality subscales and attendance at gastric cancer screenings in Japan. Methods: A total of 21,911 residents in rural Japan who completed a short form of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire-Revised (EPQ-R) and a questionnaire on various health habits including the number of gastric cancer screenings attended were included in the primary analysis. We defined gastric cancer screening compliance as attendance at gastric cancer screening every year for the previous 5 years; all other patterns of attendance were defined as non-compliance. We defined gastric cancer screening visiting as attendance at 1 or more screenings during the previous 5 years; lack of attendance was defined as non-visiting. We used logistic regression to estimate the odds ratios (ORs) of gastric cancer screening compliance and visiting according to 4 score levels that corresponded to the 4 EPQ-R subscales (extraversion, neuroticism, psychoticism, and lie). Result: Extraversion had a significant linear, positive association with both compliance and visiting (trend, P < 0.001 for both). Neuroticism had a significant linear, inverse association with compliance (trend, P = 0.047), but not with visiting (trend, P = 0.21). Psychoticism had a significant linear, inverse association with both compliance and visiting (trend, P < 0.001 for both). Lie had no association with either compliance or visiting. Conclusion: The personality traits of extraversion, neuroticism, and psychoticism were significantly associated with gastric cancer screening attendance. A better understanding of the association between personality and attendance could lead to the establishment of effective campaigns to motivate people to attend cancer screenings.",
author = "Shizuha Arai and Naoki Nakaya and Masako Kakizaki and Kaori Ohmori-Matsuda and Taichi Shimazu and Shinichi Kuriyama and Akira Fukao and Ichiro Tsuji",
year = "2009",
month = "6",
day = "9",
doi = "10.2188/jea.JE20080024",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "34--40",
journal = "Journal of Epidemiology",
issn = "0917-5040",
publisher = "Japan Epidemiology Association",
number = "1",

}

Arai, S, Nakaya, N, Kakizaki, M, Ohmori-Matsuda, K, Shimazu, T, Kuriyama, S, Fukao, A & Tsuji, I 2009, 'Personality and gastric cancer screening attendance: A cross-sectional analysis from the Miyagi Cohort Study', Journal of epidemiology, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 34-40. https://doi.org/10.2188/jea.JE20080024

Personality and gastric cancer screening attendance : A cross-sectional analysis from the Miyagi Cohort Study. / Arai, Shizuha; Nakaya, Naoki; Kakizaki, Masako; Ohmori-Matsuda, Kaori; Shimazu, Taichi; Kuriyama, Shinichi; Fukao, Akira; Tsuji, Ichiro.

In: Journal of epidemiology, Vol. 19, No. 1, 09.06.2009, p. 34-40.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Personality and gastric cancer screening attendance

T2 - A cross-sectional analysis from the Miyagi Cohort Study

AU - Arai, Shizuha

AU - Nakaya, Naoki

AU - Kakizaki, Masako

AU - Ohmori-Matsuda, Kaori

AU - Shimazu, Taichi

AU - Kuriyama, Shinichi

AU - Fukao, Akira

AU - Tsuji, Ichiro

PY - 2009/6/9

Y1 - 2009/6/9

N2 - Objective: To determine the associations between personality subscales and attendance at gastric cancer screenings in Japan. Methods: A total of 21,911 residents in rural Japan who completed a short form of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire-Revised (EPQ-R) and a questionnaire on various health habits including the number of gastric cancer screenings attended were included in the primary analysis. We defined gastric cancer screening compliance as attendance at gastric cancer screening every year for the previous 5 years; all other patterns of attendance were defined as non-compliance. We defined gastric cancer screening visiting as attendance at 1 or more screenings during the previous 5 years; lack of attendance was defined as non-visiting. We used logistic regression to estimate the odds ratios (ORs) of gastric cancer screening compliance and visiting according to 4 score levels that corresponded to the 4 EPQ-R subscales (extraversion, neuroticism, psychoticism, and lie). Result: Extraversion had a significant linear, positive association with both compliance and visiting (trend, P < 0.001 for both). Neuroticism had a significant linear, inverse association with compliance (trend, P = 0.047), but not with visiting (trend, P = 0.21). Psychoticism had a significant linear, inverse association with both compliance and visiting (trend, P < 0.001 for both). Lie had no association with either compliance or visiting. Conclusion: The personality traits of extraversion, neuroticism, and psychoticism were significantly associated with gastric cancer screening attendance. A better understanding of the association between personality and attendance could lead to the establishment of effective campaigns to motivate people to attend cancer screenings.

AB - Objective: To determine the associations between personality subscales and attendance at gastric cancer screenings in Japan. Methods: A total of 21,911 residents in rural Japan who completed a short form of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire-Revised (EPQ-R) and a questionnaire on various health habits including the number of gastric cancer screenings attended were included in the primary analysis. We defined gastric cancer screening compliance as attendance at gastric cancer screening every year for the previous 5 years; all other patterns of attendance were defined as non-compliance. We defined gastric cancer screening visiting as attendance at 1 or more screenings during the previous 5 years; lack of attendance was defined as non-visiting. We used logistic regression to estimate the odds ratios (ORs) of gastric cancer screening compliance and visiting according to 4 score levels that corresponded to the 4 EPQ-R subscales (extraversion, neuroticism, psychoticism, and lie). Result: Extraversion had a significant linear, positive association with both compliance and visiting (trend, P < 0.001 for both). Neuroticism had a significant linear, inverse association with compliance (trend, P = 0.047), but not with visiting (trend, P = 0.21). Psychoticism had a significant linear, inverse association with both compliance and visiting (trend, P < 0.001 for both). Lie had no association with either compliance or visiting. Conclusion: The personality traits of extraversion, neuroticism, and psychoticism were significantly associated with gastric cancer screening attendance. A better understanding of the association between personality and attendance could lead to the establishment of effective campaigns to motivate people to attend cancer screenings.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=60549109223&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=60549109223&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2188/jea.JE20080024

DO - 10.2188/jea.JE20080024

M3 - Article

C2 - 19164872

AN - SCOPUS:60549109223

VL - 19

SP - 34

EP - 40

JO - Journal of Epidemiology

JF - Journal of Epidemiology

SN - 0917-5040

IS - 1

ER -