Objective: This pharmacokinetic study of S-1 was conducted in patients in whom glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was directly measured to explore the possibility of adjusting the S-1 dose on the basis of GFR in patients with normal or nearly normal renal function. Methods: S-1 was given to 12 patients twice daily for 28 consecutive days followed by 14 days of rest, repeated every 6 weeks. GFR was measured on the basis of inulin clearance (CLin) before the first day of treatment. Results: The area under the time-concentration curve (AUC) of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) correlated with that of 5-chloro-2,4- dihydroxypyridine (CDHP, r = 0.750, p = 0.005). The AUC of CDHP correlated with the measured 24-hour creatinine clearance (CLcr) per subject (r = -0.620, p = 0.032), but not with the CLin (r = -0.356, p = 0.257). The AUC of 5-FU did not correlate with either the 24-hour CLcr per subject (r = -0.401, p = 0.187) or with the CLin (r = -0.300, p = 0.351). Conclusion: Dosage adjustment based on the GFR does not reduce individual variations in 5-FU concentrations among patients with normal or nearly normal renal function who receive S-1.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research