Pharmacokinetic/Pharmacodynamic Analysis and Dose Optimization of Cefmetazole and Flomoxef against Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase-Producing Enterobacterales in Patients with Invasive Urinary Tract Infection Considering Renal Function

Yukihiro Hamada, Hidefumi Kasai, Moeko Suzuki-Ito, Yasufumi Matsumura, Yohei Doi, Kayoko Hayakawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The optimal regimens of cefmetazole and flomoxef for the treatment of urinary tract infections caused by extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacterales are not well defined. Our study found that the pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic targets for cefmetazole and flomoxef were 70% T > MIC, which is suggestive of bactericidal activity. A Monte Carlo simulation (MCS) was performed using the published data to calculate a new probability of target attainment (PTA ≥ 90%) for each renal function. The MCS was performed with 1000 replicates, and clinical breakpoints were calculated to attain PTA ≥ 90% for creatinine clearance (CCR) of 10, 30, 50, and 70 mL/min. The 90% ≥ PTA (70% T > MIC) of cefmetazole and flomoxef in patients who received a standard regimen (0.5 or 1 g, 1 h injection) for each renal function was calculated. Our results suggest that in patients with CCR of less than 30, 31–59, and more than 60 mL/min, the optimal dosage of cefmetazole would be 1 g q12 h, 1 g q8 h, and 1 g q6 h, respectively. Furthermore, in patients with CCR of less than 10, 10–50, and more than 50 mL/min, the optimal dosage of flomoxef would be 1 g q24 h, 1 g q8 h or 12 h, and 1 g q6 h, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number456
JournalAntibiotics
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 04-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Pharmacokinetic/Pharmacodynamic Analysis and Dose Optimization of Cefmetazole and Flomoxef against Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase-Producing Enterobacterales in Patients with Invasive Urinary Tract Infection Considering Renal Function'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this