Pharmacological action of eptazocine (1lethy1-10-hydroxy-2 (1lethy1-10-hydroxy-2, 7-hexahydro-1 benzazonine)

Tsutomu Kameyama, Kazumasa Yamaguchi, K. Katsuo, K. Kamata, Rviakoto Ukai, Toshitaka Nabeshima, Shigeru Okuyama, Sakihito Sakakibara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The relationship between the analgesic action of eptazocine and brain 5-HT was investigated by pharmacological and neurochemical methods in comparison with pentazocine (PZC) and morphine (MOR). The analgesic effects of eptazocine, PZC, and MOR as determined by the pressure method were decreased by pretreatment with p-chlorophenylalanine or 5,6-dihydroxytryptamine. The analgesic effects of all three drugs were also liminished by a lesion in the dorsal half of the spinal cord or the raphe magnus. A lesion in the central gray produced a decrease in the analgesic effects of MOR or PZC, but had a weak effect on that of eptazocine. All three drugs increased 5-hydrox-yindole acetic acid (5-HIAA) levels in the brain stem, the striatum, and the spinal cord. In addition, eptazocine decreased the 5-HIAA level in the cortex and the 5-HT level in the hippocampus, but increased the 5-HT level in the spinal cord. An increase of 5-HIAA level in the cortex ind a decrease of 5-HT level in the brain stem were observed after PZC-administration. On the other hand, {OR decreased the 5-HT level in the brain stem and striatum. These results suggest that the effects of epta- on 5-HT neurons are similar to those of PZC and MOR, but part of the action mechanism of eptazocine is different from those of PZC and MOR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)613-627
Number of pages15
JournalFolia Pharmacologica Japonica
Volume78
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1981

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology

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