Purpose: For unresectable locally advanced (UR-LA) pancreatic cancer, chemoradiotherapy has been recommended by the NCCN guidelines. We designed a chemoradiotherapy protocol using nab-paclitaxel combined with gemcitabine (GnP) for patients with UR-LA pancreatic cancer. The purpose of this phase I study was to determine a recommended dose (RD) for this novel regimen. Methods: Patients with UR-LA pancreatic cancer were eligible. The frequency of dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) was evaluated, and the RD was determined. Patients were classified according to the designated dose levels of chemoradiotherapy using the GnP regimen. After additional 6 cycles of the GnP regimen were administered, surgery was considered if the patients had stable disease and tumor marker levels had normalized. Results: DLT (grade 4 thrombocytopenia) was observed only in 1 of 12 patients, and the RD was set at level 3. Grade 3–4 leukopenia was observed in 9 (75.0%) patients, and neutropenia in 7 (58.3%). The response rate was 41.7%, and the disease control rate was 100%. Conversion surgery was performed in 6 (50%) patients, and curative resection (R0) was performed in all 6 patients (100%). Stratification according to the Evans classification system demonstrated one patient with grade 1b, one with grade 2, two with grade 3, and two with grade 4 disease. Conclusion: The RD for weekly administration was 800 mg/m2 for gemcitabine and 100 mg/m2 for nab-paclitaxel with a 50.4 Gy radiation. The GnP regimen at this dosage was promising with 6 of 12 patients proceeding to conversion surgery, and should be evaluated further in a phase II trial.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research
- Pharmacology (medical)