For the purpose of studying a role of immediate early genes in psychotomimetic-induced behavioral excitation, we experimentally enhanced the locomotor activity of mice by acute administration of phencyclidine and examined the expression and localization of the c-Fos-like and c-Jun-like immunoreactivities in brain regions. A single injection of phencyclidine (5.0 mg/kg, i.p.) significantly increased not only the locomotor activity but also the expression of c-Fos-like immunoreactivity in several brain regions, particularly in the parietal cortex, hippocampal dentate gyrus, piriform cortex and hypothalamus. Interestingly, the c-Fos-like immunoreactivity in the parietal cortex continued to increase for 1 week after the phencyclidine injection. These results indicate that phencyclidine, even injected only once, can induce the persistent expression of c-Fos or c-Fos-related protein(s) in the mouse brain, and also suggest the possibility that such a c-Fos expression may underlie the behavioral and/or psychotomimetic effects of phencyclidine.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
- Cell Biology