Ca2+-activated, phospholipid-dependent protein kinase (C-kinase) in platelets is normally activated by diacylglycerol, which is derived from phosphatidylinositol through its receptor-linked breakdown. Under appropriate conditions this enzyme can also be activated by synthetic diacylglycerol which is directly added to intact platelets. C-Kinase thus activated preferentially phosphorylates an endogenous platelet protein having a molecular weight of approximately 40,000. This protein phosphorylation is merely a prerequisite but not a sufficient requirement for the release of serotonin. Evidence is presented suggesting that Ca2+ mobilization and C-kinase activation are synergistically involved in the physiological response of platelets to extracellular messengers, such as thrombin, collagen and platelet-activating factor.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology