[Physical image properties of digital radiography systems in low dose range].

Hiroshi Kunitomo, Katsuhiro Ichikawa, Ryo Higashide, Kazuya Ohashi

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1 Citation (Scopus)


We measured physical image properties of a flat panel detector (FPD) system and a computed radiography (CR) system, targeting to a low dose range (reference dose: 2.58×10(-7) C/kg: to 1/20 dose). Input-output properties, pre-sampled modulation transfer functions (pre-sampled MTFs), and normalized noise power spectra for an FPD system equipped with a CsI scintillator (FPDcsi) and a CR system with an imaging plate coated with storage phosphor (CR) were measured at the low dose range for radiation quality of RQA3 (50 skV) and RQA5 (70 kV), and detective quantum efficiencies (DQEs) were calculated. In addition, in order to validate the DQE results, component fractions of Poisson and multiplicative and additive noise were analyzed using relative standard deviation analysis. The DQE values of FPDcsi were decreased with dose decrease, and contrarily to these, those of CR were increased. At the 1/10 and 1/20 doses for RQA3, the DQEs of FPDcsi and CR became almost the same. From the results of RSD analysis, it was proved that the main cause of DQE deterioration on FPDcsi are non-negligible additive (electronic) noise, and the DQE improvement on CR was caused by both of significant multiplicative (structure) noise and very low electronic noise. The DQE results were validated by comparing burger phantom images of each dose and radiation quality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)961-969
Number of pages9
JournalNihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai zasshi
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine


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