Pin-photodiode array for the measurement of fan-beam energy and air kerma distributions of X-ray CT scanners

Tomonobu Haba, Shuji Koyama, Takahiko Aoyama, Yutaka Kinomura, Yoshihiro Ida, Masanao Kobayashi, Hiroshi Kameyama, Yoshinori Tsutsumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose Patient dose estimation in X-ray computed tomography (CT) is generally performed by Monte Carlo simulation of photon interactions within anthropomorphic or cylindrical phantoms. An accurate Monte Carlo simulation requires an understanding of the effects of the bow-tie filter equipped in a CT scanner, i.e. the change of X-ray energy and air kerma along the fan-beam arc of the CT scanner. To measure the effective energy and air kerma distributions, we devised a pin-photodiode array utilizing eight channels of X-ray sensors arranged at regular intervals along the fan-beam arc of the CT scanner. Methods Each X-ray sensor consisted of two plate type of pin silicon photodiodes in tandem – front and rear photodiodes – and of a lead collimator, which only allowed X-rays to impinge vertically to the silicon surface of the photodiodes. The effective energy of the X-rays was calculated from the ratio of the output voltages of the photodiodes and the dose was calculated from the output voltage of the front photodiode using the energy and dose calibration curves respectively. Results The pin-photodiode array allowed the calculation of X-ray effective energies and relative doses, at eight points simultaneously along the fan-beam arc of a CT scanner during a single rotation of the scanner. Conclusions The fan-beam energy and air kerma distributions of CT scanners can be effectively measured using this pin-photodiode array.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)905-913
Number of pages9
JournalPhysica Medica
Volume32
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-07-2016

Fingerprint

X-Ray Computed Tomography Scanners
fans
scanners
photodiodes
tomography
Air
X-Rays
air
x rays
Silicon
dosage
energy
arcs
X Ray Computed Tomography
Photons
Calibration
output
sensors
electric potential
silicon

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Haba, Tomonobu ; Koyama, Shuji ; Aoyama, Takahiko ; Kinomura, Yutaka ; Ida, Yoshihiro ; Kobayashi, Masanao ; Kameyama, Hiroshi ; Tsutsumi, Yoshinori. / Pin-photodiode array for the measurement of fan-beam energy and air kerma distributions of X-ray CT scanners. In: Physica Medica. 2016 ; Vol. 32, No. 7. pp. 905-913.
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abstract = "Purpose Patient dose estimation in X-ray computed tomography (CT) is generally performed by Monte Carlo simulation of photon interactions within anthropomorphic or cylindrical phantoms. An accurate Monte Carlo simulation requires an understanding of the effects of the bow-tie filter equipped in a CT scanner, i.e. the change of X-ray energy and air kerma along the fan-beam arc of the CT scanner. To measure the effective energy and air kerma distributions, we devised a pin-photodiode array utilizing eight channels of X-ray sensors arranged at regular intervals along the fan-beam arc of the CT scanner. Methods Each X-ray sensor consisted of two plate type of pin silicon photodiodes in tandem – front and rear photodiodes – and of a lead collimator, which only allowed X-rays to impinge vertically to the silicon surface of the photodiodes. The effective energy of the X-rays was calculated from the ratio of the output voltages of the photodiodes and the dose was calculated from the output voltage of the front photodiode using the energy and dose calibration curves respectively. Results The pin-photodiode array allowed the calculation of X-ray effective energies and relative doses, at eight points simultaneously along the fan-beam arc of a CT scanner during a single rotation of the scanner. Conclusions The fan-beam energy and air kerma distributions of CT scanners can be effectively measured using this pin-photodiode array.",
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Haba, T, Koyama, S, Aoyama, T, Kinomura, Y, Ida, Y, Kobayashi, M, Kameyama, H & Tsutsumi, Y 2016, 'Pin-photodiode array for the measurement of fan-beam energy and air kerma distributions of X-ray CT scanners', Physica Medica, vol. 32, no. 7, pp. 905-913. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmp.2016.06.010

Pin-photodiode array for the measurement of fan-beam energy and air kerma distributions of X-ray CT scanners. / Haba, Tomonobu; Koyama, Shuji; Aoyama, Takahiko; Kinomura, Yutaka; Ida, Yoshihiro; Kobayashi, Masanao; Kameyama, Hiroshi; Tsutsumi, Yoshinori.

In: Physica Medica, Vol. 32, No. 7, 01.07.2016, p. 905-913.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Pin-photodiode array for the measurement of fan-beam energy and air kerma distributions of X-ray CT scanners

AU - Haba, Tomonobu

AU - Koyama, Shuji

AU - Aoyama, Takahiko

AU - Kinomura, Yutaka

AU - Ida, Yoshihiro

AU - Kobayashi, Masanao

AU - Kameyama, Hiroshi

AU - Tsutsumi, Yoshinori

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Y1 - 2016/7/1

N2 - Purpose Patient dose estimation in X-ray computed tomography (CT) is generally performed by Monte Carlo simulation of photon interactions within anthropomorphic or cylindrical phantoms. An accurate Monte Carlo simulation requires an understanding of the effects of the bow-tie filter equipped in a CT scanner, i.e. the change of X-ray energy and air kerma along the fan-beam arc of the CT scanner. To measure the effective energy and air kerma distributions, we devised a pin-photodiode array utilizing eight channels of X-ray sensors arranged at regular intervals along the fan-beam arc of the CT scanner. Methods Each X-ray sensor consisted of two plate type of pin silicon photodiodes in tandem – front and rear photodiodes – and of a lead collimator, which only allowed X-rays to impinge vertically to the silicon surface of the photodiodes. The effective energy of the X-rays was calculated from the ratio of the output voltages of the photodiodes and the dose was calculated from the output voltage of the front photodiode using the energy and dose calibration curves respectively. Results The pin-photodiode array allowed the calculation of X-ray effective energies and relative doses, at eight points simultaneously along the fan-beam arc of a CT scanner during a single rotation of the scanner. Conclusions The fan-beam energy and air kerma distributions of CT scanners can be effectively measured using this pin-photodiode array.

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