Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase (FBPase), an enzyme involved in gluconeogenesis, catalyzes the hydrolysis of fructose-1,6-bisphosphate to fructose-6-phosphate and inorganic phosphate. FBPase deficiency is an autosomal recessive inherited disorder, characterized by episodic attacks of hypoglycemia, ketosis, and lactic acidosis during fasting. In general, urinary organic acid analysis using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) is very useful for the diagnosis of FBPase deficiency, because the appearance of glycerol or glycerol-3-phosphate in the urine is characteristic of this disease. Here, we report a case of FBPase deficiency in a girl with a history of several severe lactic acidosis events, both as a neonate and after the age of 12 months. The patient was identified as a compound heterozygote with two mutations in the FBPase 1 gene: c.841G>A (p.Glu281Lys) and c.960_961insG (p.Ser321fs). The c.841G>A is a newly identified pathogenic mutation. An abnormal level of glycerol-3-phosphate was not detected in the conventional urinary organic acid analysis using GC/MS after solvent extraction. This method, which is a widely used diagnostic standard, could not detect increased levels of glycerol or glycerol-3-phosphate in the patient’s urine, which was sampled during the episode. However, glycerol and glycerol-3-phosphate were detected in the same sample, when it was analyzed using GC/MS with the urease pretreatment non-extraction method. Patients with FBPase deficiency have good glycemic control after correct treatment. Therefore, accurate and early diagnosis is essential for a good prognosis. Accordingly, when a patient presents with hypoglycemia and lactic acidosis, it is important to select the appropriate method of urinalysis for organic acids by GC/MS.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)