Plasma Angiopoietin-Like Protein 2 Levels and Mortality Risk among Younger-Old Japanese People: A Population-Based Case-Cohort Study

Wenjing Zhao, Jun Morinaga, Shigekazu Ukawa, Motoyoshi Endo, Hiroya Yamada, Takashi Kawamura, Kenji Wakai, Kazuyo Tsushita, Masahiko Ando, Koji Suzuki, Yuichi Oike, Akiko Tamakoshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aging is an important medical and social problem. Excessive angiopoietin-like protein (ANGPTL)-2 signaling causes chronic tissue inflammation, promoting development and progression of aging-related diseases. Moreover, circulating ANGPTL2 levels reportedly predict the risk of some aging-related diseases and subsequent death. However, there are, as yet, no reports of whether circulating ANGPTL2 levels predict vital prognosis in younger-old, community-dwelling populations. This study investigated associations between plasma ANGPTL2 levels and all-cause and specific-cause mortality in this population. The case-cohort study was abstracted from an ongoing, age-specific prospective cohort study: the New Integrated Suburban Seniority Investigation Project. This project enrolled 3 073 participants aged 64 years at the beginning of the investigation from 1996 through 2005. A subcohort of 714 randomly sampled participants plus 387 cases representing deceased participants followed through 2015 underwent survival analysis. Plasma ANGPTL2 concentrations were positively associated with >80% and 100% higher risk of all-cause mortality and cancer mortality, respectively, after adjustment for gender, smoking, alcohol consumption, walking time, sleep duration, caloric intake, medical status, disease history, BMI, and triglyceride, creatinine, uric acid, and high sensitivity C-reactive protein levels. A more robust association between ANGPTL2 levels and all-cause and cancer mortality was seen in participants with either frailties or with lifestyles of heavier drinking or current smoking. Elevated plasma ANGPTL2 levels are associated with high all-cause and cancer mortality in a community-dwelling sample of younger-old adults. These findings expand our knowledge of human aging and associated diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1150-1158
Number of pages9
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Volume77
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-06-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ageing
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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