The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) concentration is a useful marker of right ventricular (RV) overload and whether it has prognostic value as a predictor of death in patients with chronic respiratory disease (CRD). We measured the plasma BNP and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) concentrations in 31 consecutive patients with CRD who underwent right-heart catheterization to evaluate pulmonary hypertension. All patients were followed for >12 months. The plasma BNP concentration closely correlated with the mean pulmonary artery pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance (r = 0.62, P < 0.0005 and r = 0.85, P < 0.0001), and showed a weak linear correlation with cardiac output (r = -0.36, P < 0.05). During the follow-up period, 5 (16%) end-stage CRD deaths (4 RV heart failure and 1 respiratory infection) and 2 non-end-stage CRD deaths occurred. In a stepwise multivariate Cox proportional-hazards regression analysis including age, sex, BNP, ANP, hemodynamic variables and the ratio of PaO2 to fraction of inspired oxygen, only BNP (P < 0.05) was an independent predictor of end-stage CRD death. The upward and leftward shift in the receiver operating characteristic curve between patients with end- stage CRD death and those without was greater for BNP than for ANP. Our findings suggest that the plasma BNP concentration may be an inexpensive, simple and useful marker of RV overload and end-stage CRD death in CRD patients. These preliminary results need to be confirmed in a large series of CRD patients. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical