Platelet GPIIb/IIIa is activated and platelet-leukocyte coaggregates formed in vivo during hemodialysis

Kenji Kawabata, Shigeru Nakai, Masamiki Miwa, Tatsuki Sugiura, Yuka Otsuka, Toru Shinzato, Yoshiyuki Hiki, Ikuko Tomimatsu, Yumi Ushida, Fumiko Hosono, Kenji Maeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Aim: During hemodialysis, platelets and leukocytes are activated and form platelet-leukocyte coaggregates in which GPIIb/IIIa (CD41/CD61) and CD62P (P-selectin) are involved. However, it is still controversial whether platelet activation and platelet-leukocyte coaggregate formation are dependent on the dialyzer membrane material. Method: We examined the appearance of activation-dependent antibody on platelets as an index of platelet activation, and the appearance of platelet-specific antigen on leukocytes as an index of platelet-leukocyte coaggregation, during hemodialysis in 7 patients treated using regenerated cellulose (RC) membrane and next using polysulfone (PS) membrane. In order to reduce the influence of factors other than dialyzer membrane material, this study was conducted in a prospective crossover fashion using a pyrogen-free bicarbonate dialysate. Moreover, flow cytometric techniques with whole blood were employed, which reduce artificial cell activation during the cell or plasma separation procedure. The platelet-specific monoclonal antibodies used in this study were anti-CD61, PAC-1 (which recognizes only the conformationally activated GPIIb/IIIa) and anti-CD62P. Results: Changes in the percentage of PAC-1-positive platelets were significantly greater during hemodialysis with RC than with PS. However, changes in the percentage of CD62P-positive platelets were not significantly different between hemodialysis with RC and PS. Changes in the percentage of CD61- or CD62P-positive leukocytes were significantly greater during hemodialysis with RC than with PS. Although changes in percentage of PAC-1-positive platelets did not parallel those of CD62P-positive platelets during hemodialysis, there was a significant positive correlation between the percentage of CD61-positive leukocytes and the percentage of CD62P-positive leukocytes. Conclusion: This study, conducted in a prospective crossover fashion using a pyrogen-free bicarbonate dialysate in order to reduce the influence of factors other than the dialyzer membrane material, demonstrated that both the degrees of GPIIb/IIIa activation and platelet-leukocyte coaggregation were greater during hemodialysis with RC than PS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-400
Number of pages10
JournalNephron
Volume90
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25-04-2002
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Nephrology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Urology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Platelet GPIIb/IIIa is activated and platelet-leukocyte coaggregates formed in vivo during hemodialysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this