Background: We previously reported that polyphyllin D, the main component of the traditional herbal medicinal Paris polyphylla, exhibited anticancer effects in vitro against human neuroblastoma cells. The aim of this investigation was to examine in vivo antitumor effects of polyphyllin D. Methods: Subcutaneous tumors were established in immune-deficient BALB/c nude mice using human neuroblastoma cell lines IMR-32 and LA-N-2. To evaluate the polyphyllin D activity, we used a mouse model of IMR-32 or LA-N-2 cell lines and analyzed subcutaneous tumors. Results: Subcutaneous tumor models were successfully established in mice using two human neuroblastoma cell lines. In the subcutaneous tumor model, porphyrin D was found to suppress tumor volume. We found that polyphyllin D suppressed the number of foci by Ki-67 staining (IMR-32 and LA-N-2; p < 0.01, 0.02, respectively). We found that polyphyllin D induces the RIPK3 expression, while polyphyllin D phosphorylates Ser358 in IMR-32 and Ser358 and Tyr376 in LA-N-2. Conclusion: We developed a mouse model of subcutaneous tumors of neuroblastoma and demonstrated for the first time that polyphyllin D has an antitumor effect on neuroblastoma. Polyphyllin D can cause necroptosis depending on the cell type. The new drug can be expected by investigating a method to selectively induce cell death through the analysis of necroptosis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health