Objective The use of positron-emission tomography (PET) with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) -labeled islets has been considered to be a potential modality to visualize and quantify early engraftment of islet transplantation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the early islets' survival of the FDG-labeled islets with or without warm ischemic stress in portal transplanted rats using PET and autoradiography. Methods Islets were isolated from Lewis rat pancreata with or without 30-minute warm ischemia times (WITs). For islets' labeling, 300 islets were incubated with 3 MBq FDG for 60 minutes. FDG-labeled islets were transplanted into the liver via portal vein. In in vivo study, a PET study was scanned for 90 minutes and the FDG uptake was expressed as percentage of liver injection dose (ID). In ex vivo study, the liver was exposed for 30 minutes with single fluorescence autoradiography. Results In the PET study, the percentage of liver ID of the islets without WIT was 27.8 and that of the WIT islets was 20.1 at the end of islet transplantation. At 90 minutes after transplantation, the percentage of liver ID was decreased to 14.7 in the islets without WIT and 10.1 in the WIT islets. In the autoradiogram, the number of hot spots was more obviously visualized in the liver transplanted without WIT islets than in the liver transplanted with WIT islets. Conclusion Almost 50% of the islets were immediately lost in both the islets without WIT and those with WIT transplantation in the early period. However, islet survival was 1.4 times higher in the islets without WIT than that in those with WIT in the early engraftment phase.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 01-01-2016|
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